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Trémolos du huart à collier

MEDIA_UID_huard-2.mp3

Wildlife corridors

For some years now, we have been hearing about ecological corridors, wildlife, or other names. The most recent solicitation campaign from the Nature Conservancy Canada (NCC) has us imagine a little known animal in Quebec whose survival would be threatened by the encroachment of our habitat on the forest territory. Three little lynxes move around their lying down mother; trying unnecessarily to wake her up. The loss of its hunting grounds, blocked-off by new roads, constructions, fences and human activity, will have reduced it to famine.

NCC says it is working with its partners to protect wildlife corridors in Quebec and across Canada. This work has focused on raising the awareness of landowners or communities surrounding these corridors, as well as land acquisition to create or conserve them. According to their observations, "... the creation and maintenance of wildlife corridors ... allow the lynx (and other species, such as the black bear) to move between its different hunting and breeding territories. These corridors are also essential for genetic diversity and the maintenance of healthy populations."*

Closing off wildlife habitat to open up our own? Road construction is a major source of habitat fragmentation. For example, the Lac-Thurson Road cut in two a natural area almost as large as Lake St. Francois-Xavier. It has ostensibly already locked in wildlife on half of it. The same will happen in the other part if there eventually is a municipal undertaking and a standardization of the road that connects the first one to the dwellings of Lake Notre-Dame.  Have we measured the impact on wildlife of such infrastructure?

This barrier will reverse the beaver's attempts to regain control of Lake Thurson; as well as those of the coyote or the fox to come and hunt it there. If it manages to cross it, the deer could use it as a bulwark against the wolf; while residents will also have less to fear from the bear's visits. Of course, the forest area is still almost infinite in the country. Wildlife still has something to live on; especially in Wentworth-Nord. But aren’t we gobbling up it systematically and at a worrying rate? 

Perhaps ignored in the establishment of the Quebec Planning and Development Act, twenty years ago, the recognition of this wildlife connectivity began to appear in municipal urban plans. Protocols for the identification of such corridors or places of passage have even been developed; as for the Appalachian Corridor, due to Highway 10. There are also several examples today of road corridors, tunnels under highways that allow animals to cross. This connectivity also seems to play a role in the migration of species from further south, or for our fauna migrating north, due to global warming.

The Quebec Wildlife Foundation has just approved "the completion of ten projects to promote habitat connectivity in the five areas targeted by the project Ecological Corridors: a strategy for adapting to climate change 2017-2020, for a total budget of $382,500". "This connectivity helps to counteract the harmful effects of habitat fragmentation on wildlife."

The 10 projects:

  1. Fondation de la faune du Québec : Communiqué
  2. Les 10 projets

  Two projects specifically concern the Laurentians and the Outaouais, by subsidizing:

  • For the Oka – Tremblant connectivity zone, the organization Éco-Corridors Laurentiens; with its project: Ecological corridors: A strategy for adapting to climate change.
  • For the Plaisance – Tremblant connectivity zone, Nature Conservancy Canada; with its project: Maintaining ecological corridors – Plaisance-Tremblant.A little like the work of an organization such as Plein Air Sainte-Adèle (PASA) in the conservation or even restoration of cross-country ski trails or otherwise, we will try to "identify the critical areas to connectivity, by soliciting forest owners, training and supporting municipalities and conservation organizations in these areas."

Other sources:
-       Wildlife corridors vs climate change CBC
-       Corridors in conservation
-       NCC
-       Staying Connected
-       Éco-corridors laurentiens

**(From a CEO’s letter : «Allons-nous abandonner le lynx du Canada?»)

                                                                                              By Carl Chapdelaine

With Google Translate and Linguee

Beyond the mirror (3)

The Municipality of Wentworth-Nord invited Mr. J.-L. Courteau, from the Centre d’interprétation des eaux Laurentiennes (CIEL), to present his discoveries at the bottom of our lakes, particularly at Sixteen-Island Lake. On this Saturday evening in early October, a dozen residents, with a good delegation from Lake St. Francois-Xavier, would share for three hours the passion of this diver.

From the outset, Mr. Courteau states that he is neither geologist, archaeologist nor other scientist; but that he would like to be described as "explorer". His presentation takes shape on screen, using different shots and photos captured under the surface and at the bottom of lakes.

Contrary perhaps to what we had already seen, the geological formations, various rocks, caves, etc., which he has been able to explore seem to us to be in the foreground; but without forgetting the fauna and the aquatic flora, nor the discovery of objects strewing the inhabited banks. The audience is fascinated by the richness of what they discover in the depths of Sixteen Islands Lake, with Mr. Courteau's explanations.

Indeed, it is a whole world that our explorer presents us. Like those microorganisms that cling to rocks to form a biofilm; in the company of tiny beings, like the Hydras with their tentacles and the paralyzing venom they inject to their prey. He makes the link with bacteria, actually cyanobacteria, which already inhabited the oceans since the dawn of time, and which, by the hydrolysis of water, released oxygen. They would have allowed, from new bacteria capable of breathing oxygen, life as we know it on our planet.  Futura-sciences 

In the same way, in front of the photographs of rocks folded in all the ways, he explains to us that they were originally amalgamated with marble, dissolved until disappearing with the time; to often leave only quartzite. So there was limestone at a moment in the formation of rocks that we now see in this lake; as one finds in the bottom of the seas. And how can this be explained in a lake that, like all of our Laurentians lakes, is said to be of glacial origin? Mr. Courteau also snatches many samples that he sends to a geologist from the University of Ottawa who is interested in his discoveries.

Then, our explorer does not forget to list the main fish he encounters, including the bass that seem to take a close interest in his underwater excursions. There are also pikes, rather shy, bullhead, walleye and gray trout, or lake trout. He reminds us of his discovery of trout of about thirty centimeters which he sees as dancing vertically in a cave; unheard of for the experts! An unknown bridal dance?
But there is also Eurasian watermilfoil; a terrible invader. It produces ammonia that can eventually kill life in a lake. And these stretches of microscopic algae that can be seen as slicks on the surface of this lake! Man's practices, with an overload of phosphorus, must explain this proliferation, he concludes.

We must not forget the essential: the discovery of this Huron vase that was dated of 500 years; the only one ever found intact. Then a second vase, Iroquoian; that one in two pieces; which was 700 years old and must have contained sagamy. And the entire canoe discovered in the Outaouais; and which one would even know the owner (a certain Samanga?).

Other anecdotes also compliment Mr. Courteau's speech: the satchel of Nicole Deschamps that was found, lost in the water 30 years earlier. The ring, given to the one who had lost it with her purse. And the mistake concerning the precious box collected near the shore ... at Lake St. Francois-Xavier; and which turned out to be the funeral urn of Mrs. Lucie Beaulieu!

Then he recounts the discovery and history of the 1929 Studebaker, with skis on the front and chains in the back and rolling on the Lake ice before sinking into it. It preceded a team of lumberjacks returning home on horse-drawn sleighs on Christmas Eve. Hitch with his load of wood found at the bottom of the Lake. Only photos and some relics could however be retrieved from these events.

He reminds us of the landslide at Lake des Seize Îles; recent event, which resulted in houses and others in the lake; while causing a small tsunami to the neighboring shores.

The diver also shows us pictures of the beautiful dishes and glass bottles, some of which have curious shapes and mysterious uses.
He teaches us that the wood that has spent a hundred years in the water takes some patina (?) which sometimes makes it a valuable commodity for connoisseurs.

He concludes his presentation by showing an ode to lakes full of mysteries, which boasts the richness while highlighting the fragility.

Mr. Courteau will answer questions from an enthusiastic audience.

Someone asks him if he has plunged into Lake St. Francois-Xavier. He answers that yes; but that the water is black. There is a thick layer of sediment at the bottom; he indicates a dozen centimeters with his thumb and forefinger. It would prevent locating artifacts or other small objects. However, we have already found arrowheads around this lake, he says.

With Google Translate and Linguee

Par Carl Chapdelaine

Behind underwater filming

The presentation of Mr. Richard Lahaie, a professional diver and a well-known Quebec director on TV (Passe Partout, Watatatow, Le monde de Charlotte, etc.), took place in the context of the 2019 edition of the Journées Arts et Culture de Lac-des-Seize-Îles.  Mr. Jean-Louis Courteau, from the Centre d’interprétation des eaux laurentiennes (CIEL), in Lac-des-Seize-Îles, co-hosted this presentation.

A few years ago, Mr. Lahaie was approached by Mr. Courteau who was looking for a professional to make the film of the withdrawal of the now famous Iroquoian vase. He had discovered this artifact near Cook Island, during one of his dives at the Sixteen Islands Lake.

Mr. Lahaie first speaks, visual presentation in support, of the wonders he has observed during his many dives in Quebec, in the St. Lawrence River, as well as in various places on the planet. He relates, among other things, the richness of the seabed at Les Escoumins as well as at Lake Ontario, his encounter with giant tortoises, sea lions in Alaska, etc.  Biodiversity is high, he tells us, along the Alaskan coast, where the abundance of marine plants, plankton and other prey causes representatives of various marine species to take larger dimensions than elsewhere. Later in the presentation, the divers will tell us about their encounters with the bass, who accompany them. These very territorial fish, respect a hierarchy of power, which one of the leaders, now familiar to our friends, seemed to indicate that they were on its territory and it was time for them to clear.

Mr. Lahaie tells us about the necessary training of the professional diver and introduces us the equipment he uses for submarine shooting. Thus, the imposing isothermal wetsuit of the diver wraps him hermetically, protecting him from the contact of the skin with the cold water. He tells us that the temperature at the bottom of a lake can vary enormously from that near its surface. If the latter is around 20 degrees Celsius, it can go down to 4 ° or 5 ° at the bottom of a deep lake. The Sixteen Islands Lake pit is 250 feet deep will indicate Mr. Courteau.

The diver must have on his back two heavy cylinders of compressed air, as a safety measure already. While passing from one tank to another when diving, he sometimes swallows a sip of water; as it can happen to us swimming.  However, analyzed under the microscope, it is indeed a soup based on multiple microorganisms; which feeds a part of the marine fauna itself forming a link in the food chain ...

Among the four videos made for CIEL, Mr. Lahaie introduces us into the one entitled "Plonger dans l’histoire". It relates the discovery of the Huron vase and the Iroquoian. One of the speakers reminds us that, when finding such an artefact here, it must be handed over to the Conservation Center of the Quebec Ministry of Culture and Communications. The film tells the discovery of a vase half buried in the mud, the sharp reaction of the archaeologist, Roland Tremblay, who immediately identifies there an Iroquoian vase, artefact of great value, and the probable explanation of its presence at the Sixteen Islands Lake. The Algonquin, here Weskarinis, did not make such vases and the most likely is that it was obtained, further south, during exchanges between indigenous groups. The presence of carbon on its surface suggests that it could have burst into two pieces when used on a fire, with its likely sagamité content. Then the pieces would have been thrown into the water; practice that the European has perpetuated at the lake.

The exceptional little museum set up by Mr. Courteau, at the top of the town hall, at the Marcel-Tassé Center, can only keep reproductions of the two vases he found. The original Huron vase is currently on display at the Canadian Museum of History, a new name for the Canadian Museum of Civilization since 2013 in Gatineau.

We had learned, in a presentation from Mr. Courteau in mid-March of this year, to the SHGPH, that these vases had been found near Cook Island, in the Sixteen Islands Lake, and that Mr. Courteau had obtained from archaeologists of his knowledge that an archaeological dig is carried out on the island this summer. On the other side of the mirror (1) This event would have occurred last week; but unfortunately it would not have brought the much-anticipated discovery of artifacts. Mr. Courteau hopes that future excavations, which he will have to seek to promote, will finally lead to discoveries that will bring the spotlight and the attention of governments to research related to the prehistory of our continent, here in the Laurentians. His interest in working for such a cause and garnering as many talented initiatives, while surrounded by an advisory committee of professionals, seems to us most meritorious and most judicious.

Mr. Lahaie will tell us that the oldest artefact found in Quebec, at Lac-Mégantic, dates back 6,000 years; that ceramic manufacturing by First Nations dates back 2,000 years. Mr. Courteau recounts the discovery of a 3000-year-old stone ax in Nominingue. According to Mr. Lahaie, there would have been 20 million native people at the arrival of white people on the continent; while their population was subsequently decimated by diseases introduced by them, wars or whatever. He reminds us that: "At the time of the arrival of Samuel de Champlain and the establishment of the city of Quebec in 1608, there was no trace of the St. Lawrence Iroquoians met by Jacques Cartier some 75 years before." https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iroquoiens_du_Saint-Laurent

The professional diver confesses that he learned from Mr. Courteau the true way to dive in a lake. Underwater, the masters of the CIEL know how to observe; as would Dr. R. Carignan. Have you heard of the periphyton that covers the submerged stones at the edge of a lake? But perhaps not of biofilm that would have marveled Mr. Courteau. It is a living layer, consisting mainly of microorganisms or small beings, including the hydra, which, with their tentacles, measure only a few millimeters and which, like jellyfish of the same family, can inject a venom when their prey come in contact with them; to paralyze and devour them alive.

Among the scenes of the videos filmed under the surface of the Sixteen-Islands Lake, there is that on the Studebaker which drove lumberjacks on the ice of the Lake on the eve of Christmas and which sank without one can hold it back. Last May, it was a horse team that probably suffered the same fate that was discovered. Also, a whole load of logs still sleeps on the bottom.  There are fields of empty bottles in the Lake; like an entire wall in the CIEL museum. And these bottles, like other objects or artifacts, often give us a part of their story.

Geology influences this story. If there has been a recent landslide in the lake, it is because the Laurentide Ice Sheet, which covered most of Canada with its thick ice cap, has left loose glacial deposits of which sand and gravel have finally dissolved. The Kelly shoal, which serves as trout spawning grounds, is also thought to be the result of a pile of such sediments deposited in a depression on the surface of a glacier and forming a hill, a kame, once the ice melted. And while the melting of this ice sheet left the last marks of its presence in the landscape, it also caused a significant rise in the water level that created the Champlain Sea. This sea licked to the lowest valleys of our Laurentians.

Moreover, the discovery of geological formations of the oldest in the Lake, by Mr. Courteau and his diving buddies, in the form of curiously wrinkled stones, arouse interest and even new theories on the origin of the Lake.

From the clay harvested in the lake, a CIEL project for 2019 is to ask professionals to recreate a vase like those found near Cook Island. Finally, we also imagined this year a video from an "Endless Tale" around the discovery of the Huron vase. What will this vase be for, and what will happen to it? It is the children who will give the following. You will find the videos produced on the CIEL website.
                                                                                                              
With Google Translate and Linguee

https://artseizeiles.com/la-gouvernance-du-ciel/

By Carl Chapdelaine

Ottawa River Flood

Flood is defined when the height and flow of a watercourse exceed its range of normal values; we hear then that the river overflows its banks. As we can see almost every spring, floods can result from a combination of hydrological and meteorological factors, some of which are familiar to you. These factors include the size of the watershed, the topography and the slope of the watercourse, the permeability of the ground, the snow or ice cover and its melting as a function of the more or less rapid rise in the temperature, the importance and the violence of the precipitations.

The strongest floods will therefore occur here in the spring, when the negative effects of these factors will culminate together. When snow melts, for example, the frozen ground of the Laurentians is impermeable; so that meltwater or rain quickly reaches the streams. The slope of the rivers is important, going from the hills of the Canadian Shield to the Laurentian plain; and they have a long journey. In addition, under our climate, violence and the importance of rainfall are often unpredictable.

The development of reservoirs, the construction of dams and dikes, of a human nature or resulting from the presence or reintroduction of beaver in the watershed, as well as the existence of flood expansion areas, essentially natural depressions or artificial (retention basin*) of the ground that allow the water out of the bed of the stream to spread, provide some control of floods.

The watersheds, like the streams which furrow them, form a hierarchy. Some small basins, upstream of another, are part of the large watershed of the latter. With 1,271 km, the Ottawa River, which is the natural border between Quebec and Ontario on most of its route to LakeTimiskaming, is the longest river in Quebec Wikipedia. Its watershed, which includes all those of its tributaries, is even more impressive. "The MRCs of Outaouais and Laurentides are totally (96% in the case of the Laurentides) included in the watershed of the Ottawa River." "(It) has a little over 90,000 lakes ... these lakes are complemented by about 60 reservoirs with an area of more than 300 km2, including the Cabonga, Quinze, Baskatong, Témiscamingue and Dozois reservoirs." The Ottawa River catchment area has more than 100 control dams on its different tributaries.  Bassin versant de la rivière des Outaouais, mddelcc .

It is primarily in working through hydrological data and interventions that punctuate the head watershed, combined with weather forecasts, that the Ottawa River Regulation Planning Board derives its predictions on the evolution of the flood when the river opens in the St. Lawrence plain, 300 km below. The Ottawa River Planning Board

In the St. Lawrence Plain, the Great River collects all this hierarchy of watersheds that drain a portion of the Canadian Shield to the confines of the Abitibi. Then are added, among others, those of the Red, de la Petite-Nation, du Lièvre and du Nord Rivers. The most important floods that we know are located in this plain, along the lower parts of the shores of the Ottawa River, to Lake des-Deux-Montagnes and sometimes beyond.

The regularization of the Ottawa River flow, with its tributaries, to avoid flooding is therefore not new. But one can easily imagine the immensity of the task and the work still to be done in the field, as at the meteorological level, to better translate into a forecast model the convergence of variables that will produce the strongest spring floods. At the same time, the establishment and perpetual updating of automated geographic maps of flood zones remains a significant challenge. From 1976 to 2001, a federal-provincial mapping program resulted in the production of 500 official flood risk maps by 20-year and 100-year recurrence floods in the area of approximately 245 municipalities. But are the standards adopted always right in the face of changing circumstances and in the context of climate change?

"In Quebec, the Planning and Development Act provides that regional county municipalities (MRCs) and local municipalities must determine the areas at risk of flooding on their territory. As such, the MRCs and the municipalities must incorporate into their planning documents and planning bylaws flood ratings or maps of flood zones determined by the government. They must also regulate, or even prohibit, constructions, facilities and works in such areas."  Zones inondables, MELCC

Most lakes in our Laurentians probably do not have to undergo the combined threats of so many flood factors. They are affected by more localized natural conditions. Because of its position at the head of its own watershed, Lake Saint-François-Xavier (with its few small tributaries) does not bear the weight of this hierarchy of watersheds that we mentioned above. On the other hand, it contributes to the floods of the Rivière à Simon, of the Rivière du Nord and sometimes, albeit modestly, to the floods suffered in the plains of Montreal!

By Carl Chapdelaine

* One could be figured-out for example, if need be, along the Aerobic Corridor where the old railway running alongside a watercourse and elevated compared to the surrounding ground, created a dike isolating the lowlands. There is an example of such a case, past the northwest entrance of the Orphan Trail; or even that of the small piece of the Lake cut by the Rue du Chemin-de-fer. It would be easy even to temporarily hold there the water of a flood by a valve device.


Google Translate

Ruisseau Jackson Nature Reserve

This new protected area is located in Morin-Heights. The Ruisseau Jackson , on the other hand, originates at Lake Anne, just outside the corner of Wentworth-Nord, which borders Wentworth and Morin-Heights. After feeding Lake Echo, it flows into the Rivière à Simon just east of the intersection of the 364 and the 329 (south). A recognized nature reserve is part of a broader context of a protected area. In Quebec, the latter defines "A territory, in terrestrial or aquatic, geographically defined, whose legal framework and administration are specifically aimed at ensuring the protection and maintenance of biological diversity and associated natural and cultural resources". 
Aires protégées, MELCC.

This project is the result of an agreement between private developers and the Municipality of Morin-Heights to protect part of the Ruisseau Jackson watershed to ensure the quality of the water in the creek and, as a result, of the lakes it feeds, as well as trails and other resources specified in the agreement. Private developers and the Municipality will each find what they are looking for in this "green" dedicated space and where certain activities are now regulated.

A private developer can claim the status of "Nature Reserve in a private environment" of the Government of Quebec so as to remain the owner of the designated lands; which was a prerequisite for this project. The consecration in nature reserve can be perpetual or for a minimum term of 25 years. Tim Watchorn, Mayor of Morin-Heights, says that "the Ruisseau Jackson Nature Reserve is key in a series of connected green spaces that allow the trails and the revenue they bring to the municipality, to be preserved for generations to come".
See the details of the realization of this project: Ruisseau-Jackson Nature Reserve

By Carl Chapdelaine

Beyond the mirror (2)

The presentation of Mr. Jean-Louis Courteau, organized by the Société d’histoire et de généalogie des Pays-d’en-Haut (SHGPH), was introduced by that of Mr. Luc Lamond, Mayor of Lac-des-Seize-Îles from 2009 to 2013. Who cannot be more aware of what is the Sixteen Islands Lake or the municipality of the same name, as its former mayor, a magistrate with a very local surname and who fell in love with the history of these two entities? His presentation would take us back to the history of the Lake and the village.

There were not many people at the Sixteen Islands Lake in the 19th century; a few log cabins only on its banks. It was attended only by fishermen and hunters from the Lachute area, or even from Ottawa. Notre histoire  But the Irish, from the Great Famine, had settled at Long Lake, now Lake Laurel, and in which flows the Sixteen Islands Lake. In addition, a couple from Saint-Sauveur, Charles-Adonias Millette and Clémence Moürez, from Besançon, married in 1859 and who had 15 children, had settled in the area (North of Lac Argenté). ["Ambroise Rochon and Émerande Godon (who lived there) ... donate their property, (their lots), buildings, animals and other household effects, to their nephew Charles-Adonias Millette and his wife Clémence Mourez" (Biography provided by Mr. Fernand Janson.)] The road from Laurel to South of the Sixteen Islands Lake is called Millette.

Mr. Joseph C. Rodger, former owner of a sawmill in Roxton Falls, in the Eastern Townships, then living in Lachute, was fishing at the Sixteen Islands Lake. He knew that the "Montfort Colonization Railway Company" planned to extend its colonization railroad from Montfort to Huberdeau, where would be the turntable to turn around, while passing North of the Lake still uninhabited. Become the "Montfort and Gatineau ...", the company even planned to join the Gatineau Valley.* He then settled there, at the head of the lake, with fellow citizens from Lachute and developed his project to build a sawmill.

The train arrived at last in 1895. Narrow gauge railroad, it was going to be converted to standard width in 1897. It would have been otherwise unthinkable to continue to tranship the goods and the wood to Junction Montfort which connected this railroad with that of the Canadian Pacific going to Labelle. (The Junction was at the same time moved from North of Shawbridge to South of St. Jerome.)* In 1901, the Brunet Pavilion served as the first station for the new village.

The sawmill was built with the equipment delivered by the train. It was fed by the stream from Proctor Lake. Like Lake Saint-François-Xavier, wood floating was used in summer; but it was here going upstream. A motor boat had to tow the wood assemblies. In winter, sleds pulled by horses were rather used. Among the cut timber, the fine squared oak was an export material to England; material requisitioned for Her Majesty's fleet. Other hardwoods would be used as firewood for Montrealers.

The village then knew a kind of economic boom. The era was still to colonization; but resort and tourism were also becoming fashionable. The soil was for many of glacial moraine; nothing conducive to agriculture. After logging, there would be nothing left. The carcasses of the squared logs were used for house cladding. Hotels, rooming or boarding houses and various businesses appeared at the beginning of the 20th century.

No more than today was there any road along the lake; the Verchère and the sailboats served as a means of transport to the vacationers who settled on its banks. A social group, called the Sixteen Island Lake Fishing Club, was formed which gained control of the fishery throughout the area. It is this same Club which undertook the legal steps leading to the creation of the Municipality in 1914. The Club still exists today; but, in 1976, Quebec "will announce the end of exclusive hunting and fishing rights leases" (Le Quotidien). There was, continued Mr. Lamond, the erection of a dam, in 1909, at the outlet of the Lake in Long Lake, which raised the level of the water of 18 inches, while ensuring the stability of this level.

By Carl Chapdelaine

*Montfort, First steam train

Beyond the mirror (1)

The presentation by Mr. Jean-Louis Courteau, organized by the Société d’histoire et de généalogie des Pays-d’en-Haut (SHGPH), March 9, 2019, would reveal what a devotee of diving can find as objects at the bottom of the lakes of our Laurentians. Searching the bottom of the St. Lawrence River, at the origin, had one day brought this painter, blogger and diver, to look for a wreck in the St. Lawrence River, specifically at Lake St. Louis, the SS Cécilia L. (It was a commercial steamship built in 1910, which made a fatal shipwreck and whose cargo contained, among others, 100 cases of De Kuyper gin.) Wikipedia: le SS Cécilia L  In fact, at the time, our speaker would have preferred to find a type of round-bottomed bottle (curved), as you have never seen and that was not known to offer such alcohol. This kind of bottle could rather contain soft drinks; its cork was to stay moistened and the bottle left lying, as for wine.

But when you live in Morin-Heights, why not look to dive closer? The chance of a meeting perhaps would bring him to put down his equipment at the majestic Sixteen-Islands Lake. It is also to chance that Mr. Courteau attributes that Madam Nicole Deschamps will be the next speaker at the SHGPH, April 13, 2019; she is a key figure in his own presentation. Still by chance he had once stumbled upon an old book of poetry entitled Johnnie Courteau, written by William Henry Drummond in 1903 and that could have been intended for him. He also gives to chance the credit of many of his discoveries that will follow.

And fortunately, our speaker, who had the idea of displaying the objects recovered from the lake, by him and his group of teammates who formed the Centre d’Interprétation des Eaux Laurentiennes (CIEL), had approached the mayor during those years (2009-2013), Mr. Luc Lamond, in this sense.   Centre le ciel , La mission du CIEL Mr. Lamond, a magistrate with a very local surname and who fell in love with the history of these two entities, could not refuse and we can now go to CIEL and at a small museum of the most interesting located in the old school that houses the town hall.  Sunk Heritage

What can be found at the bottom of a lake like the Sixteen Islands’ one? In fact, it is especially along the shore and in front of the cottages that can accumulate the most objects. For a practical reason at the time, given the absence of any road, it was there that a lot of common use objects were thrown away and some of which did not degrade, like bottles. The steeper the bank, the better the chances that the objects will not be buried in the mud, and thus become accessible to the diver.

In front of one of the residences, the presence of bottles associated with the conservation of photographic developer could thus indicate that its owner exercised this profession. This was the case; the Geo Barrat brand bottle was at the name of that gentleman. The objects found here or there can therefore sometimes say a lot about the life of the people or events that brought them there. Quantity of bottles of alcoholic beverages or milk from Montreal rather than the surrounding area also suggested that vacationers brought, as today, their everyday consumer goods from their place of permanent residence.

With CIEL we are immersed in history. The Erskine Studebaker 1929 was found, with skis at the front and chains on the back wheels and driving on the lake ice. It preceded a team of lumberjacks returning home on horse-drawn sleighs on Christmas Eve. The car started sinking slowly without the men, armed with planks, being able to prevent it from going down. It is Mr. Rolland Charrette, witness of the event at thirteen years old, who tells this story in a video posted by CIEL.

Some objects have also fall into the lake. It was the case of a handbag found by Mr. Courteau. Her owner could be identified; it was a Mrs. Nicole Deschamps. An almost intact photo showed her with a friend probably. The lady was traced back to Philadelphia thanks to Facebook, and the phone told her that we had found her handbag ... dropped in the water thirty years earlier! The friend on the picture had since become her husband and the family still has a cottage at the Lake. It is located on Pointe Charmette; the name would come from the title of a poem by a certain William Henry Drummond, who would have lived there ... Mr. Courteau and Mrs. Deschamps would meet again at the lake, in the summer, and be able to deepen its story together.  En profondeur, vol. 13, no 4

Weskarinis Algonquin had occupied the Laurentians before the White man; some were probably being settled at Lake des Seize-Îles; they didn’t have bottles, but were using vases. Like for cottagers, it might happen that vases land at the bottom of the Lake. Near an island where it could be guessed that it was frequented by our Indians, Mr. Courteau, who is not an archaeologist, had the opportunity to withdraw from the vase a pottery which seemed, at first look, of little interest. Nevertheless, after examining it at daylight, he decided that it should be inspected by an expert. We are now talking of a Huron vase of about 500 years old, the only one ever found in one-piece.  A second vase, in two pieces, was soon also found in the Lake. It was dated back to 700 years and be of the Saint-Laurent's Iroquoien. The analysis in laboratory allows us to know for what food they had been used for; it contained sagamite, a traditional stew based of fish, meat and corn.

In Algonquin territory, such findings had to be the result of commercial trading between these people. Every such artefact that you found must be reported to the government and the object given to it. CIEL would have to use copies in the museum or for exhibiting outside. But few could see the difference. The original may be borrowed afterwards; but it is risking to spend time sleeping in drawers, in Quebec City.  In the early 20th century, Indians coming by canoes would bring hand-woven baskets that they would sold around.

M. Courteau and his group might see realized one of their dreams at the Lake this summer. The island, near which they found the Iroquoian vase, will be the object of archaeological research. This initiative, normally costly, will not be the fruit of assistance by the government, but rather following the interest of a group composed of archaeologists. M. Courteau argues that public aid should be available for such searches. He hopes that eventual findings this summer might attract more governmental attention. Meanwhile, he has to help himself in raising funds. The fact that he hasn’t any more authorizations than you to explore the archaeological sites doesn’t help him to dedicate himself to such patrimonial task. So, the artist produced two paintings by using, among other things, red ochre and black obtained from a stone that holds the Lake, as did the Aboriginal people. They are put up for auction on the Facebook page of the CIEL and the website of Mr. Courteau for his paintings. The auction will end at the summer solstice, June 21, 2019.  Centre le CIEL, FacebookPeinture,Délires et Autres Nécessités... 

In 2017, a diver found a pirogue in one-piece, in the Outaouais Region; the only one found in such conservation status in Quebec. The pirogue was more resistant than the canoe; but it was too heavy for portaging. It was essential to use it for the passage of certain water rapids. It would be left there for future users.

There are not only of worthy archaeological findings for CIEL; others, in the form of ancient rock formation, might even lead specialists to revise the concept of the formation of our Laurentian lakes, presumed being from total glacial origin.  Géo-Outaouais

Biological discoveries are also to be added to these, since Mr. Courteau was able to observe Lake Trout dancing vertically in a sub-marine cave of the Lake, probably in a nuptial dance never seen before.

By Carl Chapdelaine

* «The first carbonated drinks bottles are closed by some corks maintained firmly by metallic threads. As you must store those head downwards so that the cap does not dry and to avoid gas leaks, they have a curved bottom»  L'Encyclopédie canadienne

Note: The article, in French, should appear in the next edition of SHGPH's La Mémoire.

With the use of Google and Microsoft Translator, plus Linguee

Cottaging in Wentworth-Nord and the Pays-d’en-Haut

According to the 2016 Census1, on 1 989 private dwellings in Wentworth-Nord, there are 1 248 not occupied by usual residents (so cottages),  i.e. 63% (9 025 on 29 723 in the MRC of the Pays-d’en-Haut, i.e. 30%). In 20112, on 1958 of these same private housing in W-N, there were 1 214 cottages; that’s 34 less. There, households were made up to 78% of two people, for a total average of 2.3 people per household; but the MRC assesses instead that the number of people per unit cottage is 3, which would give us 3 744 cottagers in 2016 for Wentworth-Nord. In its Profil socio-économique des Pays-d’en-Haut, 20153 and based on the assessment rolls, the MRC also calculates that the Census slightly underestimates the number of cottage accommodations on its territory. 

In its Mot de l'économiste of April 20184, the FCIQ, Fédération des chambres immobilières du Québec, says that there was a record of sale of resort properties in Quebec in 2017, with a 5% increase on 2016 for the studied territory. It was for a fourth year in a row and a little more than for common properties. But its definition of a resort property is that of a year-round habitable house (on the edge of a Lake, etc.), whether the owner lives there permanently or uses it as a secondary residence. In the administrative region of Laurentides (from the High Laurentians to the edge of the Mille Îles River), their sales would have increased of 11%. Their price was slightly higher than that of common properties; which suggests that they represent an added value to the eyes of their buyers. And the trend is good; the Mot notes as well that ".. . some of the boomers, at the time where their link with the work diminishes, barter their single-family homes in the suburbs for a property in a resort." 

We can see that the socio-economic future of Wentworth-Nord will be closely linked to the presence and the development of the resort; so close to the metropolitan area, it cannot be otherwise. The 63% of the dwellings it represents shouldn’t, in our view, stop growing. As for all involved MRCs and in front of the challenges for the protection of the physical and the living environment among others, future planning is essential. In the urban plan of the municipality, 20105, one could read: "the economy of the MRC of the Pays-d’en-Haut and the Laurentian region is strongly focused on activities related to recreational tourism and vacationing. Wentworth-Nord also offers an unequivocally representation of the advantages offered by the region in this regard." "With its lakes and its many forests, it contributes greatly to the resort and outdoor activities character in the region."

The idea of this article was rather to portray traits, feelings, activities or obligations of a cottager in face of the existence of his second life environment. It will be for another time... The drudgery and the stress related to the annual opening and closing of the summer cottage were no strangers to the coming of this idea. Originally, the dream of vacationing commands looking for this type of property and environment; with age, some will eventually have to choose between the closure of the cottage or of the main residence.

1. Cencus Profile, Cencus 2011 (Select a vue.)

2. Census Profile, 2016 Census
3. Profil socio-économique des Pays-d’en-Haut, 2015
4. Mot de l’économiste
5. Plan d’urbanisme, 2010
L’industrie du tourisme MRC des Laurentides
Le tourisme au Québec en bref 2016 


Note :  Please report any error.    (With the use of Microsoft Translator and Linguee)

By Carl Chapdelaine

Wildlife: survive the winter

We see the tiny chickadees always active in winter; but how do they do? To survive this cold season, they binge of greasy food, like sunflower seeds.1 Naturalist Brian Keating says: "During the most freezing nights, when there is frost, they come into hypothermia. Their body temperature drops and they tolerate it." Some may even find refuge under the snow. Through proper circulation of the blood, the geese and similar birds can avoid freezing on the ice. The tiny hoary redpoll, a small portable furnace, even lives in the tundra. It is often, in fact, a seasonal body transformation taking place in this winged fauna; with sometimes hypertrophy of certain organs.
 
Some of these birds also have appropriate techniques to find their food, or fast as needed. The Wild Turkey nests in conifers to protect itself from cold. "Trees and shrubs which retain their fruit are essential sources of food for the turkey."2
 
The chronicler Pierre Gingras, fond of Ornithology, summarizes indicating that the goose, the American Robin, the Great Blue Heron and several others can survive our winters with, among other assets, a layer of down or by changing their body temperature.3 it is hoped that the adaptability of the Chickadee and other animals in their environment can allow them to tackle climate change that threaten us.
 
Drop in temperature, as wintertime terrestrial habitat change or lack of food are factors which can decide the fate of species and which are therefore a factor of fauna as well as flora evolution, demonstrates the very comprehensive text of Annie Langlois: "Flora and fauna of the country - wildlife in winter", Canadian Wildlife Federation.4 We read that the invertebrates such as earthworms and butterflies, which cannot produce their own heat or/and are unable to feed themselves, use dormancy or migrate to warmer places. Dormancy, a sometimes extreme slowing of metabolism, may mean for some to not be permanently transformed into piece of ice through a kind of natural antifreeze. For others, it involves the search for shelter beneath the soil, the bark of trees or free water for aquatic species.
 
The fish also benefit from the open water to survive the winter. As for the invertebrates, their body takes the temperature of the water; with its cooling, their metabolism slows and they also fall into a kind of dormancy, says Annie Langlois. Remember that, in winter, and contrary to what happens in the summer, water of the lakes is colder at the surface, under the ice, than in depth. In fact, the temperature of the water at the bottom of the lakes would be more constant year round, which would be better for several species of fish, do we understand.5 Ice also prevents the formation of waves and gas exchange. A lack of dissolved oxygen, often in relation to the poor quality of the water, could then bring the death of fish during this season.6
 
Some mammals hibernate while their metabolism slows down; the case of the Marmot is well known. The striped Chipmunk or the bat does the same; our squirrel hibernates between mid-November and mid-February (Wikipedia). The raccoon remains inactive but do not hibernate. The bear, like the Skunk, is half hibernating. 

Hares, foxes, white-tailed deer and moose, fishers7, wolverine, marten and ermine, wolves and coyotes, etc., don't hibernate. So they're looking for plants or prey and carcasses to feed and develop a thick fur for winter. "The mice make a nest of grass at the end of the fall to spend the winter." To feed, they nibble the basis of small trees under the snow; that is unless they have squatted in your cottage... (Resources natural Canada) The Beaver doesn’t hibernate; such as in an igloo, its branches and freezing mud made hut can maintain a comfortable temperature and make it safe from predators.8

  1. Ici Radio-Canada
  2. Guide du dindon
  3. Pierre Gingras
  4. (Wildlife in Winter, in Hinterland Who's Who)
  5. rappel.qc.ca/lac/plantes-aquatiques
  6. Trousse des lacs, CRE
  7. Acces&date=31_10_2018, page/10
  8. Castor canadien.wordpress  

 By Carl Chapdelaine

PS. to report any error, please.    (With the use of Microsoft Translator and Linguee)

Management of residual materials

Manage, or even recycle the residual materials were not always the priority of companies. Manage these materials, adding the search for their ecological disposal, or even their recycling, already starts here by assessing the quantity and the possibilities for recycling of these releases. But this assessment has never been made. " Développement durable Rivière-du-Nord (DDRDN), the MRC of the Rivière-du-Nord and the Conseil régional de l’environnement des Laurentides (CRE Laurentides) have joined efforts in a collaborative project to help the institutions, businesses and industries of the territory to improve their waste management."
 
Over a period of 18 months, the project has first been to draw up a portrait of the situation by investigating companies. Lack of knowledge and lack of data in this area have proved to be staggering. No policy at the scale of a territory can be reasonably developed without this information. According to the approach we have been used to, CRE, in partnership, "accompanied" seven companies in a process of assessment of the situation.
 
Concerning one of the "accompanied", Soucy-Baron, we can read in the release that they "wanted to structure the company's approach with the goal to take concrete and effective actions", initially by the "drawing of an audit of our residual materials management system». At the l’Orée des bois school, the exercise has created quite a shock: "By learning that 80% of our waste could be diverted from landfill sites, I realized that we had to think differently", said the Director.
 
And of course, CRE and partners have developed a plan of action. "The plan of action for the management of residual materials of the accompanied enterprises achieves a portrait, including results from a characterisation that assessed the annual quantities generated, diverted, and buried in different ways, and a series of recommendations."

*CRE-Laurentides

(With the use of Microsoft Translator and Linguee)

Par Carl Chapdelaine

Threatening trees

Plant trees; they are given to you! Yes, but in Newaygo you may already live in the forest; so well cottages are practically invisible from the Lake or the road when there is one. Trees, all the more imposing if you are at the foot of an escarpment, may overhang your home or cottage. Pines, Hemlocks, Cedars, Maples, Aspen, etc.; what do you know of their condition and the potential danger they represent? How can these giants hang on quite firmly on the rock? Some might be dead and just waiting for a good gust of wind to land on your roof, electric wires, your boat... Will you be at the origin of a utility power failure?

And then, if it you cannot be seen, you may yourself see nothing else but trees. Some merit disappearing, do you think. Below 10 cm, it now appears that you can dispose of them without too much ceremony; hoping it's not in the shoreline strip, I guess. You are green and responsible, you will follow the rules.

You are finally decided. In most cases, you will need to get a contractor who specializes in cutting and pruning of tree. He will be accredited and have insurance in case that something goes wrong. Better ask for an invoice and pay the tax... And you also have, in the specified cases, to obtain a permit from the urban planning services of the Municipality. You will be asked to have your contractor mark the trees to be cut down with a ribbon or paint. You will have to show the location of these trees on a map of your property, to preferably add photos and to indicate the reason for the cutting down. The description of your property should allow the service to understand the situation. If the trees are on the edge of the Lake, they must be attached to avoid falling in the water; and the stem must remain in place. From 10 to 30 trees, you need to get out fifty dollars; less than that, not a penny.

With the strong winds which caused power outages earlier this week, and the tornadoes in the Outaouais Region the previous month, from Montreal, the cottagers could worry about the situation at the Lake. The decision was made; the time for action had come. You had already found a tree lying on the electric wire in a not-so-distant fall, and now your old shed came to be crushed under the weight of a small tree uprooted. Thanks to the diligence of the urban planning services, you have managed to move quickly through the approval procedure. You even got the certificate entirely by phone and internet.

But ultimately, on the good dozen trees that you deemed threatening, your contractor selected only one, a huge pine and dead since at least six years, which the previous specialist had not considered necessary to throw down. And then two other, on the same foot and small but also dead, and which will be better out of your sight. Well, the bill will be less hefty; not to mention that without road access, you find the trees standing less bulky than left down to rot. "Your trees are still very solid and better grounded than you think." "I don't like unnecessarily cutting down of a tree." That's good for your pocketbook. You may even get tips for the following. "Inspect your trees; if resin flows down the bole of the tree, it is perhaps in poor condition. Get out by very windy weather to see if some trees move a little too much. (Who wants to go out in real bad weather?) Hit against the trunk to identify the sound of a hollow tree that would be dead."    

By Carl Chapdelaine

With the use of Microsoft Translator

Wild turkey with stuffing

1 onion, celery, ½ cup of bread, turkey liver or other, sausage meat or chopped pork, savory, salt and pepper; a little liquid if necessary. Fry in a pan and chop everything. Pack the mixture into cheesecloth and stuff it inside the Turkey at the beginning of the cooking in the oven. This is the recipe of my mother and I had got it right for Christmas. It looks organic. All that remains is to catch the gallinaceous... The turkey came from Metro, twice as big as the order and four times more than our needs. It was well cooked; the guests liked it, but it took all the month of January to eat the leftovers.

Ten turkeys walked in line behind my cottage, a week before their holiday, Thanksgiving Day. Caught with a tool at hand, I've had only time to enjoy the parade! In fact I had rather thought to run and fetch my camera, because I never had the opportunity to see one before and I just wanted to support my say later. Along the trail that connects me to civilization, at the end of the Bay, I had repeatedly heard a noisy attempt of takeoff of such birds when passing by, but without ever having seen any. By looking in my guide, I could guess that they be ruffed or spruce grouse, our "fake" partridge; in fact, will I ever know? These are all of the Grouse family (good or bad translation of «Phasianidés»?). The «dinde» of my mother is the female of the «dindon». But, according to «L’Épicerie», on Radio-Canada, the producers would have preferred the term «dindon», which gives the idea of a more little bird, softer and easier to market year-round. Actually, the male is, on the contrary, larger than the female.

In 2014, Alain Demers wrote: "Almost absent in our forests 30 years ago, the Wild Turkey is now abundant in southern Quebec, in addition to its gradual spreading slightly more to the North. It is so now hunted as in the United States where it is a tradition." 1. In the previous spring, the sixth hunting season for this big bird in Quebec, 8 000 hunters had shot 3 000 turkeys, he notes. 

Becoming a wild turkey hunter is not a trivial undertaking; the bird is said cunning. "Only the turkey with a beard (feathers at the base of the chest) may be hunted. (So, in theory, is it not the male? Should it not then rather be differentiated from the female by its red wattles on the throat, like the rooster?) In addition to the bird hunting permits, it is mandatory in the province to take a course to become the owner of the required certificate and be able to shoot down a maximum of two turkeys a year. This does not apply to non-residents.2 Capture is permitted in most hunting zones of Southern Quebec, including the Laurentians. The catch has to be registered.

In his blog, Alain Demers explains that the Fédération québécoise des chasseurs et pêcheurs, assisted by volunteers, contributed to their introduction from Ontario to the Outaouais, and then to the Mauricie region, through the decade long program dedicated to this purpose. It is even from the offspring of the first contingents and their capture that the relocation of hundreds of turkeys could be carried out. In 2017, according to the Ministry of forests, wildlife and parks, 7565 wild turkeys were hunted, that’s a crop of 29% greater than that of 2016. From this fact, we can believe that their population is still growing. And have they any serious predators in our partly inhabited areas, other than hunters?

The 'Chicken from India", according to Christopher Columbus, a species unique to North America, would have existed by millions before the arrival of European settlers. The Aboriginal people would have domesticated the animal now found on our tables. Become rare at the beginning of the 20th century due to intensive hunting since colonization, the wild turkey has enjoyed very successful rehabilitation program in the United States. It's also from there that must have come those that can be seen now in the Montérégie region. But its return also creates conflict with humans. The male is aggressive and can, when become too familiar, attack pets, or even humans. In winter turkeys can cause damage to gardens, to the bales of hay in the fields, etc.3 & 4

By Carl Chapdelaine

1. Le monde forestier
2. Ministère des Forêts, Faune et Parcs

3. Huffingtonpost
4. Ottawa Citizen

Atlas of vulnerability to climate hazards

Zones vulnérables à la météo
Vulnérabilité aux aléas hydrométéorologiques (atlas) Note: Data cover all of Quebec. On the site, you click on the icons at the top left of the map to choose data (layer ) you are interested in or read the legend .  

Trophic cascade*

This is an ecological term that indicates the cascading effect resulting from an imbalance created mainly between predators and their prey. Thus, the rarefaction of the presence of wolves on the edge of inhabited areas, as in our Pays-d’en-Haut, promotes the proliferation of deer, raccoons, beavers, etc. And this all the more, we imagine, that hunting or trapping don't compensate for this loss of predation.
In the case of deer, a "common species", now clearly visible on the edge of our suburbs and less and less wild, the situation should even be aggravated by the complacency of the humans who offer it food. "The amount of food available in the living environment has an impact on the conduct of the reproduction of the species and helps to explain the variations in the number of individuals of a species in an environment." 1 Some predators on the other hand, like the coyote, adapt better to the human presence. The latter takes advantage of the disappearance of the wolf that it has no more to fear and that often attacks the same prey. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the coyote, sometimes coywolf, has significantly increased its range in North America.2

The example often cited these days is the elimination of wolves in Yellowstone Park, in the early 1900s, then its most recent reintroduction. It is explained, inter alia and to show probably the unpredictability of the effects of the disappearance of a common species, that the abundance of moose that would result had brought the rarefaction of willows and poplars along the rivers, by grazing of shoots. You know well that shoreline vegetation protects watercourses, not only from the intake of sediment loaded with various materials but also from warming. Water, become less cold and less clear induced the decline of the trout population. The reintroduction of the wolf would, in the end, allow the revegetation of shorelines, the reappearance of cold and crystal clear water and the return of trout.

'Conservation of nature Canada' adds two related concepts to this trophic cascade notion and that of common species: the key species, like the beaver that has a major influence on the watersheds in Canada, and indicator species, as the frog that breathes through its skin and can also absorb pollutants as well. The disappearance of the latter becomes a bio-indicator of an existing source of pollution.3

You see that these concepts aren't so far from the concerns we should have confronted with our presence and our action, since our habitat meets, circles or crosses our wildlife’s one. Our mammals: bears, deer, beavers, foxes, coyotes; our birds: migratory birds, ducks, wild turkeys, etc.; our amphibian, our fish have to adapt or disappear. And it is the same at the flora level.

But would it not be in the lakes surrounded by our homes that man’s impact would have been major? By excessive fishing of the favorite species, by restocking with non-native fish, by the intake of sediments, nutrients and pollutants accelerating the eutrophication of those water courses, it is likely that the ecosystem no longer has anything to do with the original balance of the fauna and flora they contain. But have we sufficient data on the presence and requirements of this nature in Wentworth-Nord and the concern needed to maintain, or rather to restore its ecological balance?

Of course, threatened or endangered species, when it is not already too late, require our priority for action; but what we're doing to our common species should as well monopolize our attention. Our communities are growing rapidly, here and across the globe; but should we not ensure that this development respects the balance of nature that is essential to our own survival. We should individually and collectively make an effort to get to know and to neutralize the impact of our daily interventions on our environment.

Climate change adds to the uncertainty of the balance of our ecosystem. "(It) is already having an impact on all kinds of wildlife. Species worldwide are shifting their ranges, migrating sooner, and bearing young earlier than in the past. The American Robin and the Red-winged Blackbird frequently arrive on their breeding grounds weeks earlier than they once did."

"Today, shifts in temperatures, seasons, and weather are happening so fast that wildlife may have little chance to adapt to changes in key habitat elements — namely food, water, shelter, and space. … Some species may flourish as a result of climate change. But wild plants and animals that cannot adapt may become extinct."4

1. Maxicours: Ressources alimentaires et reproduction
2. Hinterland Who's who
3. Nature Conservancy Canada; Common species 101
4. Canadian wildlife federation, Hinterland Who's who; climate-change

* From the Greek "nourishing" (Wiktionary).

With the use of Microsoft Translator

Carl Chapdelaine

for an economic and territorial development

The consultation

Has it been assessed, probably by comparison with similar experiences tried elsewhere, if the call for comments, written submissions and participation in the consultation meeting of April 17 was the only and the best way to get the answers and sought-after ideas? Another way to get this information is to schedule a tour of individual or groups meetings with a sufficient sampling of actors in different fields of activity to be considered.  

We can thus approach the industrialists of the tourism sector, of catering, accommodation, food, construction, wholesale and retail, real estate; representatives from the municipal sector, the not-for-profit organizations, etc. They must have a good idea of what might work, of necessary Government support, of the likely future of their sector. As soon as they accept to be consulted directly, we can believe that they will confide the result of at least a part of their experience.

The results of such consultation, in addition to that currently calling to all, would add to the assessment of needs and supports necessary to meet them; all resulting to the best on specifying avenues of economic and territorial development of the MRC.


Taking advantage of financing resources

As the MRC, higher Governments implement programs of assistance for initiatives in different areas. Those who never use these programs are missing support and sources of income and job creation that will be granted to others. The economic services of the MRC may increase awareness to potential stakeholders of the programs that are available, while providing assistance in using them.


Sustainable development and environment

The existence of traffic in perpetual growth in the Laurentians is the counterpart of a development mainly based, in the past and in the future perhaps, on tourism in general and cottaging in particular. The presence of linear parks appears to be an enviable recreational asset, but the disappearance of the train that led to it can today be seen as an environmental disaster. What are the avenues explored in this exercise to identify priorities of economic and territorial development to curb, or even to change this sad corollary? How could the MRC des Pays-d’en-Haut become more involved in a development detrimental to its environment? Can it focus on the first at the expense of the second?

Vacationers often prefer the sectors closest to nature, like the less urbanized lakes. In doing so, they play against the intensification of habitat and thus for an urban-sprawl which also ends up in increased use of the vehicle and on longer distances.

In the Metropolis, the citizen aware of the environmental impact is bound to use public transit. In front of the Montreal road congestion, there is even sometimes from unexpected benefits in doing so. Nothing compares in our regions probably. If it seems unthinkable in the short or medium term to channel a major part of the return trip between the greater Montreal area and Saint-Jérôme to the railway; and impossible to extend it to the Pays-d’en-Haut, will we not have to bank on another solution? With still more promising technological advances, electric, hydrogen or mixed vehicle may eventually help solving the equation. Shouldn't we consider to offer benefits to their owners, multiply charging ports; foresee in the long run, that our towns, villages and tourist resorts of the Pays-en-Haut be, in fact, centres at the forefront of sustainable development?


Developing attitudes

The programs of the MRC in the search for sustainable development do not seem to encourage individual initiatives and to offer counterweigh in the change of behavior in the face of this main goal, except through the imposition of regulations, as in the case of the household waste recycling. As a result, should emphasis not be placed on greater awareness and participation of citizens in the achievement of certain objectives of sustainable development?  

We could target clienteles by theme; isn’t a targeted clientele more likely to respond to the solicitation? The cottagers could be one of these targets; while permanent residents would better be opened to others.

Would it not be possible, for example, to encourage the formation of not for profit groups able to regroup, electronically, the MRC residents willing to get involved, to varying degrees, in the achievement of certain sustainable development targets? This could include carpooling, use of public transit, shopping online from the shops of the cities and villages of the region for isolated areas like in Wentworth-North, etc. We would first try to set up a regional organization; then, we'd invite to the formation of local associations which would affiliate to this regional organization. As incentive, the MRC would modestly contribute to the financing of the budget of these entities.


An ecological tourist offer

Under the hatting of the MRC, the municipalities could encourage and contribute to the creation and delivery of green tourism or recreational packages geared at visitors from the metropolitan region. A package coupling schedules could be offered, or even a seasonal 'passport', combining transport by train or bus, in weekends, and access to services at advantageous prices. Saint-Sauveur, Sainte-Adèle, or other would be involved, jointly or not, and with service providers, bus companies, private or public, restaurant owners, hosting providers (hotels, bed and breakfast, rental cottages, camping, etc.) , shops, outdoor centers (with equipment rental: skis, bikes, canoes, etc.), regional parks, trails of the P'tit train du Nord and the Aerobic Corridor, museums, exhibitions.

Here again, it would target specific clienteles, such as retirees, singles, cyclists or skiers. This package would be available for purchase online. Arrived at destination, the visitor would be able to choose walk, bike rental, also available in the package, etc. While increasing the volume of visitors, it would thus help to decongest the highway and also the cities and centers accesses of these destinations. In this move, the promotion of the use of the commuter train or / and the bus among workers commuting on a daily basis with the metropolitan area would not been put aside.

Could the MRC not follow the example of Norway, where sustainable tourism has become a priority; or entrust the search for an appropriate solution to the 'Réseau de veille en tourisme'? The Curé Labelle had inaugurated the era of the train, then car took over. Isn't time to listen a Hubert Reeves, scientist, thinker and environmentalist, who fears that our Earth is launched toward a sixth Global extinction of species, and to attempt to initiate a new era here?

Carl Chapdelaine

The delights of our wildlife

Despite the documentaries on bears, deer, beavers, small rodents, and several other animals of our forests, the knowledge of the city dweller on the fauna which inhabits the former are still limited. However, when raccoons settled in the city or the coyotes start lurking, this wild nature becomes more tangible. But a new series on wildlife might emerge, using among other things the more cutting-edge research on the lives of these animals.


What do these rodents or these deer find on the ground? Well, their diet is perhaps more varied than you imagined. A documentary of La semaine verte, of last March 171, reports the experience of a biologist interested in the mycophagous animals, i.e. eating mushrooms. She collected some squirrel and other small mammals’ droppings in the forest, attracting them with foods that we know they are fond of. Their analysis showed that there were a certain percentage of various mushrooms in their previous meals. Then, with an automatic video camera, she could film those eating mushrooms species already identified in their droppings; making also possible the evaluation of the ingested quantities.


Another researcher did a similar experience with deer, also great lovers of mushrooms; another in Ontario with the caribou, a camera suspended from the neck of the animal to see it in action. And surprise, some species of mushrooms unpalatable for humans could be for these animals, and they knew well identifying them. And while deer revels in our favorite chanterelles, when it does not, as the squirrel, appreciate the hallucinogenic effect of other species, the latter do not disdain the terrible amanita phalloïdes (deadly to humans).2  


You want a story of owl, small mycophagous mammals, with a scent of human intervention in the ecological balance? Logging companies are sometimes looking to replace trees mowed down by faster growing species or responding to a better market. After a clear cutting, native pines had thus been replaced by another kind of pine trees growing more quickly. However, the first were associated with the existence of a mushroom of a species close to the truffle and buried under the ground. Small mammals, like maybe somewhere else wild boars, knew how to find them, dig them up and eat. It was the only way that the mushroom could disseminate, its spores being spread by the droppings of these animals. This species of mushroom disappeared with the replacement of the pines with which it was associated. Rodents and other small quadrupeds had also lost an important source of their diet and decreased greatly in number. The fate of their predator, the Northern Spotted Owl, was not any better. It was necessary that the cutting of trees be suspended, triggering violent demonstrations of the communities who depended on, and that researchers be scratching their heads for a while to save the owl and solve the riddle of the disruption of this ecological balance.


We have to learn our lesson from the tragic experiences of the past in the treatment that we have inflicted to our forests, our agricultural soils, to our waterways, or even from current experiences. Nature, with its flora, its fauna and its interrelations, is even more complex than what our knowledge has acquired to date. So, with the pressure of our habitat development and the inevitable pollution that comes with it and despite the compliance by our planners with environmental regulation, are we assured that we are not losing the battle in maintaining the balance of our ecosystem?

1. La semaine verte
2. Ces animaux mycophages

3. Animals eat mushrooms

Carl Chapdelaine

With the use of Microsoft Translator

The ice sheet retreats

About 12,000 years ago, the Laurentide ice sheet has already deserted the lower St. Lawrence Valley; an island appeared in the Montreal area: this is the Mount Royal. 1,000 years later, the ice front is more than up to the piedmont of the Laurentians.1   The Atlantic ocean, become here the Champlain Sea, has at the same time conquered the huge sunken area. Soon, the Rivière Rouge valley and that of the Rivière du Nord become narrow fjords which get even deeper to the North, but with water less saline because of the contribution of melt water. The sea has reached an altitude of about 230 m. 10,000 years ago, the Champlain Sea was cut off from the Atlantic by the Isostatic rebound and became a huge Lake called Lampsilis and which poured into the ocean by the St. Lawrence River.2
 
The Ice Sheet, with its center at the current Hudson’s Bay, left the marks of its passage and of its withdrawal, among which those of the last deglaciation are the most visible. The morainic fronts and other glacial deposits, the countless marks on bedrock, as modern means of dating of various elements, allow us today to better trace the route and the withdrawal of the ice sheet. And the glacier also became a singular vehicle; thus, the geologist Gilbert Prichonnet recently discovered in Saint-Constant, on the South shore of the St. Lawrence, an erratic boulder of 67 tons, torn from the parent rock somewhere between Saint-Jérôme and Rawdon.3
 
Glacial rivers were circulating on the ice or had dug tunnels under the moving and now melting ice. They were carrying sand and gravel, collected from abrasion by the glacier, and which were deposited at the bottom of these furrows or tunnels. They are still often well identifiable today, not in the form of furrows in the landscape but instead of ridges, named eskers and built of deposits left behind by these rivers which meander through our mountains and valleys. Logging companies sometimes cheaply use them as forest roads; occasionally, they also form a natural base for trails. The Zec Lavigne, in the Lanaudière region, allows us to admire them at will.4  You can also see the profile of eskers in some places, cut off by roads between Saint-Jérôme and Mont-Tremblant. It even seems that the Aerobic Corridor sections one on the way to Lac-des-Seize-Îles. (We'll see more closely this summer.)


Glacier moraines and terraces of sand littered with marine shells left by the withdrawal of the Champlain Sea did not land a very fertile area. Conifers were going to live with, especially since they were better adapted to the still cold climate by side of the ice cap. On the contrary, clay, marine organisms and other organic deposits accumulated on the bottom of these water bodies would bring fertility to the plain of the St. Lawrence and to the valley of the Rivière Rouge, along Arundel among others.
 
About 10,000 years ago in the Laurentians, after herbaceous and shrubby tundra and with the gradual warming, deciduous trees less demanding in this respect, as the trembling aspen, would mix with black spruce and other conifers, all initially in a probably stunted form. But subsequent variations in climate over thousands of years could have at the same time reworked this arrangement.5  Wildlife of course followed the settlement of plants, then dragging the nomadic Paleoindians who would first benefit especially from caribou hunting, and then of the other deer, not to forget fishing.6 Lake and Brook trout, among some other species, colonised the lakes left by the withdrawal of the ice sheet.
  
We may not notice it, but when leaving Montreal and its plain in the direction of Saint-Jérôme today, we leave an area specific to hardwood for a mixed zone where conifers soon appear among the firsts. We can see that the action of the Ice Sheet and the Champlain Sea strongly influenced this distribution. The current climate factors, in addition to "the nature of the soil, terrain and disturbances, such as forest fires, epidemics and cuts", affect the distribution of vegetation. "In fact, it is these factors which determine the distribution of the vegetation on the various components of the landscape (tops of hills, middle and down the slopes, etc.) in a given bioclimatic area."7
 
In terms of vegetation, the Pays-d’en-Haut are today included in one of the three areas identified in Quebec, the ‘Northern temperate zone', dominated by hardwood and mixed stands. They are in the subzone of the deciduous forest and more specifically "the bioclimatic domain of the maple grove yellow birch"* which "covers the slopes and the hills bordering the South of the Laurentide Shelf '... "Yellow birch is there one of the main species with its sugar maple companions." American beech, red oak and the eastern hemlock also grow in this area, but they are becoming very rare beyond its northern border."7

*Referring to the interactive map of the vegetation zones and bioclimatic domains of Quebec, of the MFFP.7


1. La déglaciation de la vallée du Saint-Laurent et l’invasion marine contemporaine (figure 6)
2. Histoire géologique récente de la région de Montréal
3. Le fabuleux voyage du bloc erratique
4. Les eskers de la zec Lavigne (bilingual)
5. Histoire postglaciaire de la végétation
6. Prehistoric Quebec
7. MFFP, zones de végétation et domaines bioclimatiques du Québec

8. Champlain Sea

Carl Chapdelaine

The Laurentide ice sheet

Most of us have learned that a thick ice cap covered the northern hemisphere of our planet during the last glacial period and until less than 10,000 years ago. Forward and backward steps cycles from this cap have punctuated its final withdrawal from our continent. It is by identifying the location and the age of the last frontal moraines left by the edges of the ice cap, at each episode marking its withdrawal, that researchers were able to reconstruct its history. The oldest deposits may of course have been erased or reshaped by the latest comings and goings of the glaciers.
 
The deposits of sand and gravel or rock outcrops often cracked that we observe all around us accurately reflect the work of erosion, compaction or transport of this ice cap for tens of millennia. This is unless our explorations are already below the level of the ancient Champlain Sea, which remains today as the St. Lawrence River and the Great Lakes. It was going to leave, by withdrawing, its own terraces of deposits up to Mont-Rolland in the basin of the Rivière du Nord. (These sediments left behind by salt water are today sometimes conducive to landslides, because salt that bound them ultimately be wiped out by the infiltration of rain water.)
 
This sea, which was in addition to the already existing oceans, took advantage of the melting of glaciers and the sinking of the ground, the lithosphere, which they had caused. The level of the oceans of the world was also simultaneously raised by the melting of glaciers in the Antarctic continent. The Laurentide ice sheet, with that of the Cordillera, covered all of the present Canada and could reach 5 km thick up to Hudson's Bay. (Between these two ice sheets existed free passage of ice that could have borrowed the first men from Asia.) Following the retreat of the ice, the surface of this parcel of the Canadian Shield had undertaken an isostatic rise which still continues. The Earth's mantle has indeed certain plasticity, like glaciers, and so can deform during variation of the weight of the Earth's crust. This rise of several meters per century at the beginning is currently of 2 mm per year for the section that corresponds to our Laurentians; this is already 20 cm for the last century. But as all the surrounding crust goes up, we could hardly visually see the movement. The current lowest part of the Laurentian landscape, even more recent, had thus emerged slowly of the Champlain Sea to leave only a few shreds in the hollow of the vast plain of the St. Lawrence.
 
If our environment has been seriously marked by the work of the Laurentide ice sheet and the glaciations that preceded the last, it yet results in a very small part from these episodes. It took much more than hundreds of millions of years for young mountains that could look like the Rockies or the Alps, with volcanoes, to be eroded as to become the mountains and hills that we know today. In fact, this rock dates of the Precambrian and so of billion years.
 
Would it not be of interest to open a kiosk, a small museum or even develop a site of prehistoric habitat in our region, as is found in Europe? It would not the be Village of Séraphin, but could resume themes presented at the Canadian Museum of History or the Museum of civilization in Quebec about native Americans, for example, and reproduce wildlife or the existing flora. It could show, among other things, a brief description of the geomorphological formation of the Laurentians. This science specialists could make reviving, on model or virtual media, the last passage of the glaciers by the analysis of fingerprints and other clues they have left us. The results of many observations made on the environment at the Biology Station of the Laurentians, in Saint‐Hippolyte, or those made to the la Mauricie National Park and elsewhere could be part of the presentation.

With the use of Microsoft Translator

Quaternary History of Eastern Ontario: Impacts on Physical Landscape and BiotaMain Street, February 2018

Carl Chapdelaine

A local architecture?

 This February 2nd, Groundhog will be able to tell us if spring is coming soon or not. But you may not have expected such verdict to develop projects for your cottage or on home renovations. The exterior cladding is too damaged to be fixed; you need to replace it. Your old property has inherited a classic style of its time; what are you going to do with it today? Maybe you were isolated in an area without road access, and only what's to hand allowed you some minor maintenance that did not change its style. But you may now just have got a road to reattach you to civilization and the possibilities are now endless; this is as far as your budget has not been too much affected...


For a new exterior cladding, the market offers you as much of the so-called guaranteed to life and without maintenance products than others more classic and probably more suitable to the architecture of the properties in your area. You are not insensitive to the importance of heritage but may not have made the link with the choice you are about to make. Unfortunately no doubt, architectural heritage does not resist the values of free choice prevailing on our continent, combined with the appetite of the manufacturers who have any other criteria of choice in their offer of products for home construction. According to the niche they have chosen, your siding will be of reconstituted wood, vinyl, fiber cement, etc. But the range of products made of real wood, that will probably respect the traditional character of your property, remains sizeable.


The older cottager, who has his permanent residence in town and who has the slightest awareness of heritage conservation could have seen how entire neighborhoods of the city have, over the years, lost their old cachet under the assault of all the promoters boasting their products. In Montreal, a few old neighborhood sections were able to escape the installation of doors and windows, balconies, stairs, fences, or even of facings, which had nothing to do with the architecture of their homes or their original building materials. They still offer the architectural ensemble that they already had in their building and today are the pride of their inhabitants as the envy of many others.


You try to consider it; however what could characterize the cottages and houses on these lakes that hold on their stilts or foundations for half a century or a lot more? One could see there a nice case of research and inventory to be submitted to the program 'Culture and Heritage Fund' of the MRC, currently on call for projects. It should certainly be looked into the history of the colonization of these places to find out from where came the styles that were implemented. Canadian-born French, English or Irish brought with him a bit of his architectural designs; that’s when he was not borrowing his neighbors’ ones. At Lake Saint-François-Xavier, specific factors would influence his choice. One can think of the change in historic implantation of the inhabitants or vacationers. At the beginning a village of francophone settlers submitted to the vision of the Curé Labelle, then a resort for mainly English-speaking vacationers from the city or elsewhere. At the same time, the presence of the train was going to dictate the way forward: first as a mode of delivery for building materials, its abandonment and the presence of an infinite amount of railway sleepers would add to the local particularities of construction.


We can’t be against modern architecture, expression of architectural freedom, modular construction, maintenance-free and more efficient materials research. Despite concerns on the environmental front for example, some thoughtful real estate projects can offer an architectural, among other things, adapted to the region and which, without being patrimonial, still deserves consideration. But at the same time, should we not, in the older areas, look at conservation of a style that would remind the heritage to be preserved? As elsewhere, it suffered a lot in our Pays-d’en-Haut, as can easily be seen.


Failing to impose architectural standards, should not the municipal authorities at least, if this is not already the case and in some specific sectors, establish, disseminate and promote traits of style, cladding materials, colors in harmony with the landscape? Doesn’t any attention in obtaining flowerets for landscaping deserve its parallel on the main object targeted in this goal, the house?

With the use of Microsoft Translator

Carl Chapdelaine

By-law on the Comité consultatif d'urbanisme

MUNICIPALITÉ DE WENTWORTH-NORD
Règlement établissant les règles de régie interne du Comité consultatif d’urbanisme numéro 2010-275

Amendement : règlement 2015-275-1 adopté par la résolution 2015-11-314

Septembre 2010
TABLE DES MATIÈRES
CHAPITRE I DISPOSITIONS DÉCLARATOIRES ET INTERPRÉTATIVES I-1
SECTION I DISPOSITIONS DÉCLARATOIRES I-1
ARTICLE 1 TITRE DU RÈGLEMENT I-1
ARTICLE 2 RÈGLEMENT REMPLACÉ I-1
ARTICLE 3 PORTÉE DU RÈGLEMENT I-1
ARTICLE 4 TERRITOIRE ASSUJETTI I-1
ARTICLE 5 ANNEXES I-1
ARTICLE 6 CONCURRENCE AVEC D’AUTRES RÈGLEMENTS OU AVEC DES LOIS I-1
ARTICLE 7 ADOPTION PAR PARTIE I-1
SECTION II DISPOSITIONS INTERPRÉTATIVES I-2
ARTICLE 8 STRUCTURE DU RÈGLEMENT I-2
ARTICLE 9 INTERPRÉTATION DU TEXTE I-2
ARTICLE 10 TERMINOLOGIE I-2
CHAPITRE II DISPOSITIONS RELATIVES À LA CRÉATION DU COMITÉ CONSULTATIF D’URBANISME II-1
SECTION I RÔLE ET COMPOSITION DU COMITÉ CONSULTATIF D’URBANISME II-1
ARTICLE 11 CONSTITUTION D’UN COMITÉ CONSULTATIF D’URBANISME II-1
ARTICLE 12 CHAMP DE COMPÉTENCE II-1
ARTICLE 13 COMPOSITION DU COMITÉ II-2
ARTICLE 14 RECRUTEMENT DES MEMBRES RÉSIDANTS II-2
ARTICLE 15 NOMINATION II-2
ARTICLE 16 CODE DE DÉOTOLOGIE II-2
ARTICLE 17 DURÉE DU MANDAT II-2
ARTICLE 18 SIÈGE VACANT II-3
ARTICLE 19 PRÉSIDENT ET VICE-PRÉSIDENT DU COMITÉ II-3
ARTICLE 20 ABSENCES II-3
SECTION II PERSONNES RESSOURCES II-3
ARTICLE 21 NOMINATION D’UN SECRÉTAIRE II-3
ARTICLE 22 RÔLE DU SECRÉTAIRE II-4
ARTICLE 24 DÉSIGNATION D’UNE PERSONNE RESSOURCE II-4
SECTION III RÉGIE DU COMITÉ II-4
ARTICLE 25 QUORUM II-4
ARTICLE 26 RÉMUNÉRATION II-4
ARTICLE 27 PROTECTION JURIDIQUE II-4
ARTICLE 28 SÉANCE II-5
ARTICLE 29 HUIS CLOS II-5
ARTICLE 30 CONVOCATION PAR LE CONSEIL MUNICIPAL II-5
ARTICLE 31 VOTES II-5
ARTICLE 32 DÉCISIONS II-6
ARTICLE 33 DÉCISIONS JUSTIFIÉES II-6
ARTICLE 34 INTÉRÊT PERSONNEL II-6
ARTICLE 35 PROCÈS-VERBAUX II-6
ARTICLE 36 ENTRÉE EN VIGUEUR II-6


CHAPITRE I DISPOSITIONS DÉCLARATOIRES ET INTERPRÉTATIVES

SECTION I DISPOSITIONS DÉCLARATOIRES

ARTICLE 1 TITRE DU RÈGLEMENT

Le présent règlement est intitulé «Règlement établissant les règles de régie interne du Comité consultatif d’urbanisme de la Municipalité de Wentworth-Nord.».

ARTICLE 2 RÈGLEMENT REMPLACÉ

Est abrogé par le présent règlement le règlement relatif à la création du Comité consultatif d’urbanisme numéro 87 de la Municipalité de Wentworth-Nord ainsi que tous ses amendements à ce jour.

ARTICLE 3 PORTÉE DU RÈGLEMENT

Les dispositions du présent règlement prescrivent la forme, la composition, le mandat et les règles de base de fonctionnement du Comité consultatif d'urbanisme.

ARTICLE 4 TERRITOIRE ASSUJETTI

Le présent règlement s’applique à l’ensemble du territoire de la Municipalité de Wentworth-Nord.

ARTICLE 5 ANNEXES

Toutes les annexes jointes au présent règlement en font partie intégrante.

ARTICLE 6 CONCURRENCE AVEC D’AUTRES RÈGLEMENTS OU AVEC DES LOIS

Le fait de se conformer au présent règlement ne soustrait pas à l’obligation de se conformer à toute autre loi ou tout autre règlement applicable en l’espèce, et notamment au Code civil du Québec. La disposition la plus restrictive ou prohibitive doit s’appliquer.

ARTICLE 7 ADOPTION PAR PARTIE

Le Conseil municipal déclare par la présente qu’il adopte le présent règlement partie par partie, de façon à ce que si une partie du présent règlement venait à être déclarée nulle et sans effet par un tribunal, une telle décision n’aurait aucun effet sur les autres parties du présent règlement.

SECTION II DISPOSITIONS INTERPRÉTATIVES

ARTICLE 8 STRUCTURE DU RÈGLEMENT

Un système de numérotation uniforme a été utilisé pour l'ensemble du règlement. Le règlement est divisé en chapitres identifiés par des chiffres romains. Un chapitre peut être divisé en sections identifiées par des numéros commençant à I au début de chaque chapitre. Une section peut être divisée en sous sections identifiées par des numéros commençant à 1 au début de chaque section. L'unité fondamentale de la structure du règlement est l'article identifié par des numéros de 1 à l'infini pour l'ensemble du règlement. Un article peut être divisé en alinéas, lesquels ne sont précédés par aucun numéro ou aucune lettre d’ordre. Un alinéa peut être divisé en paragraphes, identifiés par des chiffres arabes suivis du « o » supérieur. Un paragraphe peut être divisé en sous-paragraphes, identifiés par des lettres minuscules suivies d'une parenthèse fermante.

ARTICLE 9 INTERPRÉTATION DU TEXTE

De façon générale, l’interprétation doit respecter les règles suivantes :

1° les titres contenus dans ce règlement en font partie intégrante. En cas de contradiction entre le texte et le titre, le texte prévaut;

2° l’emploi des verbes au présent inclut le futur;

3° les mots écrits au singulier comprennent le pluriel et le pluriel comprend le singulier, chaque fois que le contexte se prête à cette extension;

4° le genre masculin comprend le genre féminin à moins que le contexte n’indique le contraire;

5° toute disposition spécifique du présent règlement prévaut sur une disposition générale contradictoire;

6° chaque fois qu’il est prescrit qu’une chose doit être faite, l’obligation de l’accomplir est absolue; mais s’il est dit qu’une chose peut être faite, il est facultatif de l’accomplir ou non;

7° l’autorisation de faire une chose comporte tous les pouvoirs nécessaires à cette fin.

ARTICLE 10 TERMINOLOGIE

Les expressions, termes et mots utilisés dans le présent règlement ont le sens et l'application qui leur sont attribués au chapitre portant sur la terminologie du règlement de zonage numéro 2008-271, en vigueur, de la Municipalité de Wentworth-Nord.

CHAPITRE II DISPOSITIONS RELATIVES À LA CRÉATION DU COMITÉ CONSULTATIF D’URBANISME

SECTION I RÔLE ET COMPOSITION DU COMITÉ CONSULTATIF D’URBANISME

ARTICLE 11 CONSTITUTION D’UN COMITÉ CONSULTATIF D’URBANISME

Le Conseil municipal de la Municipalité de Wentworth-Nord détermine le rôle et les pouvoirs du Comité consultatif d’urbanisme.

ARTICLE 12 CHAMP DE COMPÉTENCE

Le Comité consultatif d'urbanisme étudie les questions relatives à l’urbanisme et à l’aménagement du territoire, soumises par le Conseil municipal ou des dossiers référés en vertu des règlements d’urbanisme en vigueur.

Le Comité consultatif d'urbanisme formule des recommandations au Conseil municipal à l’égard des questions et dossiers qui lui sont soumis.

Le Comité consultatif d’urbanisme doit également:

1° assister le Conseil dans l’élaboration de sa politique d’urbanisme notamment :

a) en analysant le contenu du plan d’urbanisme et des règlements d’urbanisme en vigueur dans la municipalité en rapport avec l’évaluation des besoins dans la municipalité et d’en proposer la modification lorsque nécessaire;

b) en faisant rapport au Conseil municipal de ses observations et recommandations en vue du développement viable à long terme et de l’utilisation la plus rationnelle du territoire de la municipalité.

2° étudier les projets de lotissement et formuler les recommandations appropriées au Conseil;

3° étudier les demandes de dérogation mineure et formuler des recommandations au Conseil;

4° étudier toute demande relative aux plans d’aménagement d’ensemble (P.A.E.) et aux plans d’implantation et d’intégration architecturale (P.I.I.A), formuler des recommandations concernant leur approbation et suggérer des modifications, s’il y a lieu ;


ARTICLE 13 COMPOSITION DU COMITÉ

Le Comité est composé de 7 membres, soit :

1° 1 membre du Conseil;

2° 6 personnes résidant sur le territoire de la Municipalité de Wentworth-Nord et qui ne sont pas membres du Conseil municipal.

De plus, le maire et le directeur général sont membres d’office, mais sans droit de vote et peuvent assister aux réunions, s’il le désire.

ARTICLE 14 RECRUTEMENT DES MEMBRES RÉSIDANTS

Le recrutement des membres résidants se fera par appel au public, soit par le journal municipal ou autrement, et ce à chaque fois qu’un mandat vient à terme.

Les critères de sélection des membres du Comité consultatifs d’urbanisme sont :

- Disponibilité et intérêt pour les questions d’urbanisme;
- Impartialité;
- Absence de conflit d’intérêt ou d’apparence de conflit d’intérêt avec les sujets abordés lors des séances du Comité;
- Favoriser la représentativité des trois secteurs du territoire (St-Michel, Monfort, Laurel);
- À candidatures équivalentes, favoriser l’accession des femmes au Comité;

ARTICLE 15 NOMINATION

Les membres du Comité sont nommés par résolution du Conseil municipal.

ARTICLE 16 CODE D’ÉTHIQUE ET DE DÉOTOLOGIE

Les membres résidant sont assujettis au Code d’éthique et de déontologie annexé au présent règlement à l’ANNEXE I, lequel ils sont tenus de signer avant la première réunion à laquelle ils doivent assister.

Le non-respect du Code d’éthique et de déontologie peut entraîner une révocation du mandat du membre fautif par le Conseil.

ARTICLE 17 DURÉE DU MANDAT

La durée du mandat des membres résidants nommés en vertu du présent règlement est de 24 mois.

Ce délai court à partir de la date indiquée dans la résolution du Conseil nommant la personne comme membre du Comité ou, à défaut, de la date d’adoption de cette résolution.

Lorsqu’il prend fin, le mandat des membres résidents nommés en vertu du présent règlement peut être renouvelé, par résolution, pour une durée de 24 mois.

Le mandat d’un conseiller municipal nommé en vertu du présent règlement prend fin dès qu’il cesse d’être membre du Conseil ou lorsqu’il est remplacé par le Conseil.

Le Conseil peut, en tout temps, révoquer le mandat d’un membre et lui trouver un substitut dans le but de terminer le mandat.

ARTICLE 18 SIÈGE VACANT

Le Conseil municipal doit, par résolution, combler tout siège vacant au sein du Comité suivant le départ ou la démission d’un membre. Dans ce cas, la durée du mandat du nouveau membre est égale à la période inexpirée du mandat du membre remplacé.

ARTICLE 19 PRÉSIDENT ET VICE-PRÉSIDENT DU COMITÉ

Le président et le vice-président du Comité sont désignés parmi les membres résidants et sont élus par l’ensemble des membres du Comité, incluant le représentant du Conseil, et ce nonobstant l’article 31.

Le mandat du président et du vice-président est d’une durée de 12 mois.

Le président et le vice-président ne peuvent se représenter à l’un de ces deux postes à la fin de leur mandat. Ils doivent laisser passer au moins un mandat avant de resoumettre leur candidature.

ARTICLE 20 ABSENCES

Lorsqu’un membre du Comité est absent, sans motifs valables à 3 séances régulières consécutives, cela constitue un motif de destitution par le Conseil municipal.

SECTION II PERSONNES RESSOURCES

ARTICLE 21 SECRÉTAIRE

Le poste de secrétaire d’assemblée est assumé par le directeur du service de l’urbanisme ou un représentant autorisé par celui-ci ou par la direction générale.

Le secrétaire d’assemblée n’a pas droit de vote.

ARTICLE 22 RÔLE DU SECRÉTAIRE

Le secrétaire procède à l'envoi de l’ordre du jour, des avis de convocation, rédige les procès-verbaux, achemine au Conseil les recommandations du Comité, fait apposer, lorsque requis, les signatures appropriées sur un document du Comité et sur le livre des délibérations et assure la garde du livre des délibérations du Comité qu’il doit déposer aux archives de la Municipalité.

De plus, le secrétaire soumet mensuellement au Conseil un rapport quantitatif des permis de construction émis.

ARTICLE 23 abrogé


ARTICLE 24 DÉSIGNATION D’UNE PERSONNE RESSOURCE

Peuvent assister aux réunions du Comité et participer à ses travaux, mais sans droit de vote, toutes personnes ressources désignées par résolution du Conseil ou invitée par le Comité.

SECTION III RÉGIE DU COMITÉ

ARTICLE 25 QUORUM

Le Comité a quorum lorsqu’au moins 4 membres sont présents.

ARTICLE 26 RÉMUNÉRATION

Les membres du Comité fournissent leurs services gratuitement. Cependant, le Conseil pourra, par résolution, leur attribuer une allocation sous la forme d’un jeton de présence dont la valeur est déterminée par le Conseil.

ARTICLE 27 PROTECTION JURIDIQUE

Advenant une poursuite intentée contre le Comité consultatif d’urbanisme ou un de ses membres, tous les frais encourus pour la défense dudit Comité ou de l’un de ses membres sont assumés par la Municipalité de Wentworth-Nord.

ARTICLE 28 SÉANCE

Le Comité siège en séance selon les besoins, au jour qu'il fixe par résolution, sur ordre du président ou, en son absence, du vice-président.

Le Comité siège en séance au jour et à l’heure fixée par résolution du Conseil.

Le Comité peut faire relâche au besoin, mais cette relâche ne doit pas être pour plus d’une séance consécutive.

Le secrétaire peut convoquer les membres du comité à une séance spéciale du Comité lorsque nécessaire.

Lorsqu’une assemblée spéciale est requise en sus des réunions régulières, un avis de convocation est transmis aux membres au moins cinq (5) jours à l’avance.

ARTICLE 29 HUIS CLOS

Les séances du Comité ont lieu à huis clos. Le Comité peut toutefois inviter un requérant ou son mandataire à présenter un projet ou une demande.

Dans ces cas, les membres du CCU se limiteront aux questions d’information en présence des principaux intéressés. Toute délibération se fera suite au départ du requérant.


ARTICLE 30 CONVOCATION PAR LE CONSEIL MUNICIPAL

En plus des réunions prévues et convoquées par le Comité, le Conseil municipal peut aussi convoquer les membres du Comité en donnant préalablement un avis écrit, avec un délai de 3 à 5 jours, par courrier ordinaire. Ce délai peut être réduit à 2 jours si l'avis est signifié à domicile ou au travail. L'avis doit comprendre les sujets sur lesquels le Conseil municipal demande un avis et tout document pertinent.

ARTICLE 31 VOTES

Chaque membre résident possède un vote.

Le membre représentant le Conseil n’a pas le droit de vote.

Le président, ou le vice-président en son absence, a le droit de voter aux assemblées, mais n'est pas tenu de le faire. Il est toutefois tenu de voter en cas d'égalité des voix.


ARTICLE 32 DÉCISIONS

Toutes les décisions du Comité sont prises à la majorité des voix des membres présents.

ARTICLE 33 DÉCISIONS JUSTIFIÉES

La recommandation par laquelle le Comité se prononce favorablement ou défavorablement à l’égard d’une demande de dérogation mineure, d’une demande d’usage conditionnel, d’une demande d’approbation d’un plan d’implantation et d’intégration architecturale ou d’une demande d’approbation d’un plan d’aménagement d’ensemble doit fournir les motifs appuyant la décision du Comité.

ARTICLE 34 INTÉRÊT PERSONNEL

Un membre du Comité ne peut prendre part à une délibération dans laquelle il a un intérêt personnel. Il doit quitter le lieu de la réunion jusqu’à ce que le Comité ait statué sur le dossier ou la question en cause.

Le secrétaire du Comité doit inscrire la déclaration d’intérêt au procès-verbal de la réunion et indiquer que le membre concerné a quitté le lieu de la réunion pour toute la durée des discussions sur le dossier ou la question en cause.

ARTICLE 35 PROCÈS-VERBAUX

Une copie des procès-verbaux adoptés par le Comité doivent être transmis au greffier de la Municipalité pour faire partie des archives de la Municipalité.

ARTICLE 36 ENTRÉE EN VIGUEUR

Le présent règlement entre en vigueur conformément aux dispositions de la Loi.








André Genest Sophie Bélanger
Maire Directrice générale
et secrétaire-trésorière


Avis de motion donné le :
Adoption du projet de règlement le :
Avis d’entrée en vigueur :











ANNEXE I

CODE D’ÉTHIQUE ET DE DÉONTOLOGIE DU COMITÉ CONSULTATIF D’URBANISME

CHAPITRE I DISPOSITIONS GÉNÉRALES

1.1 DÉFINITIONS

Dans le présent code, les termes suivants signifient :

Comité : Comité consultatif d’urbanisme, tel que constitué par le règlement municipal;

Membre : un membre du Comité, qu’il soit membre du conseil municipal ou membre résident;

1.2 VALEURS

Le comité souscrit à des valeurs qui misent sur le respect, l’honnêteté, l’intégrité, l’objectivité, l’impartialité et la saine gestion dans une perspective d’intérêt public pour l’exercice des fonctions de ses membres.

1.3 PORTÉE CONCURRENTE

Le présent code n’a pas pour effet de soustraire un membre de l’obéissance à toute loi ou règlement qui le concerne personnellement ou en sa qualité officielle.

CHAPITRE II DÉONTOLOGIE

SECTION I DEVOIRS ENVERS LA MUNICIPALITÉ ET LA POPULATION
2.1 INTÉRÊT PUBLIC

Le membre du Comité exécute ses fonctions dans l’intérêt public et prend toutes les mesures nécessaires pour faire valoir cet intérêt public.

2.2 RESPECT DES LOIS ET RÉGLEMENTS

Le membre assume fidèlement ses fonctions en conformité avec les législations applicables, incluant la réglementation en vigueur dans la municipalité.

2.3 INTÉGRITÉ

Le membre s’acquitte de ses fonctions et de ses responsabilités avec intégrité, dignité et impartialité.

2.4 CONFLIT D’INTÉRÊTS

Le membre s’abstient de toute activité incompatible avec ses fonctions, évite tout conflit d’intérêts et prévient toute situation susceptible de mettre en doute son objectivité ou son impartialité.



2.5 CHARGE ET CONTRAT

Le membre s’abstient de solliciter ou de détenir pour lui-même, pour un proche ou pour une personne morale dans laquelle il possède un intérêt substantiel, une charge ou un contrat avec la municipalité en rapport avec ses tâches au sein du Comité ou avec les informations privilégiées auxquelles il a accès.


SECTION II DEVOIRS ENVERS LE COMITÉ ET LE CONSEIL

3.1 RÉPUTATION DU COMITÉ

Le membre contribue au maintien et à la défense de la bonne réputation du Comité et du Conseil municipal.

3.2 COLLABORATION

Le membre fait preuve de disponibilité et de diligence raisonnable et il assure sa collaboration à la réalisation des mandats confiés au Comité.

3.3 RESPECT DES MEMBRES

Le membre fait preuve de respect et de courtoisie dans ses relations avec les autres personnes.

3.4 RESPECT DE LA PROCÉDURE

Le membre observe les règles légales et administratives gouvernant le processus de prise de décisions.

3.5 EXAMEN DE DOSSIER

Le membre refuse de prendre connaissance d’un dossier et de participer aux discussions avec les autres membres dans un dossier lorsqu’il existe un motif justifiant son abstention, notamment un conflit d’intérêts.

3.6 DIVULAGATION DE CONFLIT D’INTÉRETS

Le membre doit, dès qu’il constate qu’il est dans une situation de conflit d’intérêts, en aviser le président du Comité, ou le vice-président en son absence.


CHAPITRE III ACTES DÉROGATOIRES

Sont dérogatoire à la dignité d’un membre les actes suivants :

Détournement : l’utilisation ou l’emploi, pour des fins autres que celles autorisées, de deniers, valeurs ou biens confiés au Comité ou à un membre dans l’exercice de ses fonctions;

Confidentialité : le fait de divulguer ou de commenter toute information ou document en provenance du Comité, à moins que cette information ou ce document ait été rendu public par l’autorité compétente;

Acte illégal : le fait, dans l’exercice de ses fonctions de membre de commettre ou de participer à la commission d’un acte illégal ou frauduleux;

Favoritisme : le fait de défavoriser ou de favoriser indûment un projet ou une demande autrement qu’en raison de ses avantages, inconvénients ou impacts sur la municipalité;

Conflit d’intérêts : le fait de participer à l’examen d’un dossier dans lequel il sait être en conflit d’intérêts.


ANNEXE AU CODE D’ÉTHIQUE ET DE DÉONTOLOGIE DU COMITÉ CONSULTATIF D’URBANISME

ENGAGEMENT SOLENNEL

Je, _____________________________, désigné (e) par le conseil municipal, pour être membre du Comité consultatif d’urbanisme, affirme solennellement que j’ai pris connaissance du code d’éthique et de déontologie du Comité consultatif d’urbanisme et je m’engage à faire preuve de discrétion et à respecter fidèlement ses dispositions dans le meilleur intérêt de la municipalité.

Signé ce ___________________________

___________________________________________________________
Signature

Consultation on the urban Master Plan of September 29, 2017

This last meeting of consultation prior to the adoption of the Plan, on October 2, essentially carried on the responses to the requests for changes to planning regulations projects. (Refer to the documents that describe these 32 requests and responses: Last modifications).
 

The Director of services for urban planning of the municipality, Mr. Emmanuel Farmer, would further explain the reasons of the acceptance or rejection of each request. It would also complement responses left open on the document or future decisions. The Director would also invite the people in the audience to ask any question as and extent of his presentation, if they wished.
 
Request no. 2, on not to waste, as proposed in the revision of the Plan, a vested after 6 months for cottage rental in short term was thus accepted. Article 423 of the zoning was therefore amended and the "seasonal closure would however not be considered dumb a termination or abandonment (jurisprudence).
 
Some requests found no application and therefore there is nothing to change.
 
Other requests did not fall under the jurisdiction of the municipal authorities, such as allowing some Lakes prohibit common access (5, 6 and 7), as for Lake Notre-Dame. "The coast belongs to the Government of Quebec. Water is a common resource. Navigation (including access to waterways) is federal jurisdiction." Mr. Farmer also recalled the case of cancellation of such a ban by the municipality of St. Adolphe-d’Howard.
 
Finally, applications were rejected, such as no. 4, to reduce the maximum slope for construction, which is currently at 30 °, because "this standard is reasonable and quite restrictive."
 
We learned from the mouth of the Director, during the session, that promoter Napee’s project at Lake Pelletier was still on the table. One speaker, convinced that the municipality was wrong, claimed that one shouldn't need hy studies degree to understand that more than a hundred homes around a (small) Lake would affect its environment.
 
In addition, Mr. Farmer, in response to our question, taught us that the date of the signature of the register on the holding of a further referendum on the adoption of the planning regulations was not yet fixed. However, the clause of a maximum period of 45 days should apply. The request for a referendum will focus on the entire project, i.e. the Master Plan, will specify Mayor Genest at the meeting of the Council which will follow.
 
Note: Our observations on these points of the consultation session are just a reflection of our understanding. The reader should refer to the municipal authorities for any interpretation, and before any use.

Quick translation using Microsoft Translator

 Carl Chapdelaine

Wentworth-Nord's urban plan

                                                                                                                                                            (Comments)

The by-law on the revision of the urban plan of the Municipality is at a stone's throw from being adopted. It appears to us that its development has requested a great amount of work, a process of outreach and a true consultation effort. These steps, such as we have lived in Wentworth-Nord, are prescribed by the law that governs this particular municipal administrative service. "It's the Loi sur l’aménagement et l’urbanisme (LAU), which establishes the bases for information and public consultation to involve citizens in decision making, management of the development of the territory and urban planning."*  


But this possible adoption of the by-law and the attached regulations (zoning, subdivision, building, permits etc.) on October 2, on the condition that the population doesn’t object by subsequent referendum, is now an object of the current election campaign. The adoption of the by-law on 2 October, following earlier adoption of projects of that regulation; then the possibility of a later held referendum to validate or not this adoption appears us in line with the normal process described in the law.


"The master plan is the most important official document of the municipality in planning the development of its territory. It contains the planning policies adopted by the Municipal Council that will guide its decision making in the future."* This is in what terms the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and the Occupation of the territory defines its usefulness. The MRC also has a right to look at this plan which should fit into its own development framework. Thus, the municipality is involved in the broad guidelines for the MRC’s spatial planning, like for its policy of protection and access to the trails, "following an approach that was intended to guarantee public access to natural and recreational areas to all residents of its territory. Politique des sentiers


We see such an exercise and such a document as being a bit on the model of the budget that any household should develop and follow, even intuitively. Without a plan, as without family budget, administrative decisions concerning the development of the territory of the municipality may not always be appropriate, either to the real situation or to its budget. Provided that elected officials adopt such a plan and commit themselves to follow it in their administrative decisions, it seems to us therefore that the municipality will be none the worse for it and that its citizens will see better where it is heading them.


We could well feel, for example and during the recent consultation process on this draft revision in Montfort, that the development of residential, recreational, commercial projects, etc., facing the wishes of residents, proponents, environmentalists, or facing the diversity of the housing areas and other interests, sometimes from outside; or put in parallel with the financial reality of the municipality, questioned residents. These could, moreover, not be able to grasp all the implications arising from the whole.


Among these implications, the cost of the multiple objectives identified in the plan and their translation into a myriad of actions is mentioned nowhere. How can the elected officials make their choice without this data? Should it not, in a new step, be shown what pieces of the skinny pie of the budget should be set aside for each? We can applaud to the goal to "respect the support capacity of the Lakes." But to set this support capacity, must one not first be able to rely on the work of the associations for the protection of lakes; then find the right analysis protocol and finance elaborate studies? The MAMOT document shows: "...you have to ensure that the plan will focus on the implementation of practical solutions that take into account the financial reality and the local management tools and that it be accompanied by documents that will facilitate its updating (e.g., project sheets, monitoring.) … Related to financial management, the plan allows adjusting quickly if a project cannot be achieved or if new priorities arise." *


Is obtaining, by referendum, the postponement of the adoption of the review project and attached regulation after the municipal elections of November 5 to allow, according to the argument supported by a group of opponents to the current administration, further analysis by the population of its many facets, the way to go?


For those who want a significant change of policy in the administration of the municipality in terms of its development and its planning, or even the election of spokesmen advocating such an approach, the answer is obvious. But for this, it will take a very strong mobilization in the population. In addition, as the Thanksgiving (October 9) weekend, and so the departure of most of the seasonal cottagers, is immediately following the adoption of the regulation, it is unlikely, when times come, that the minimum number (370? **) of signatories of the registry needed to force the holding of a referendum is reached... Such referendum could not more be held before the municipal elections. For those who believe that the approach of the outgoing administration is probably well-founded and sufficiently rigorous; that it acted adequately in regard to the consultation; the choice will be different.


Furthermore, what are the risks of rejection of the close adoption of the revision of the plan and of the adjoining regulations? There should not, in our view, be further consultation worthy of the name of all the residents and vacationers before next summer; that would be again to ignore the opinion of part of the population concerned. The plan should then be previously reviewed, under the eye of a revamped Municipal Council. Then, theoretically, there would be so this new series of consultations and amendments. This would therefore cause a serious delay in the adoption of an updated urban plan and would also have a price.


Note: The views expressed here are not those of an expert in urban planning or a guru. The reader will have to ask the right questions. The ultimate session on September 29, in Laurel, might then perhaps be worth the drive.

                                                                                              Carl Chapdelaine                         

*Guide de la prise de décision en urbanisme...
** For a municipality of W-N’s size: QV/10 + 10.5 (QV = qualified voters).

Report on the consultation of Sept. 2nd on the Master Plan

Report of the consultation on the revision of the Urban Master Plan Public meeting of September 2 held at the Montfort Pavilion; presided over by Mayor André Genest. Presentation by Mr. Emmanuel Farmer, Director of the Urban planning service.


Note:
-          Contrary to what seemed to be planned, the meeting will take place without interruption until early afternoon. There will be no formation of discussion groups, as at the last January assembly, but simply a question period.
-          By freehand, a vast majority of the crowd that completely fills the room in the Pavilion shows to be from the Montfort sector; a delegation from the Laurel Sector and some participants from the St. Michael's one complete the audience.
-          Maps on the proposed zoning of different sectors of the municipality are displayed on the walls. Each color represents a type of zone assignment.
-          A sheet, "Presentation and summary of the changes to the regulation of urban planning, as well as a summary table on guidelines of land use planning, with their application for each of the three sectors of the Municipality are placed for distribution at the entrance of the Pavilion.
-          The bulk of the presentation will be based on a Power Point prepared by the Planning Department.
-          The Director of the Planning Department will speak in French, with answers and brief abstracts in English for anglophones.
-          The audience will have the opportunity to ask a few requests for clarification throughout the presentation. The question period will eventually allow the more general expression of questions, concerns or comments from residents, as well as of the answers given by the Director and the Mayor.


A resident asked why this revision must be adopted before the elections. The Mayor will answer that the postponement of the process after the reshaping of the Municipal Council would, among other things, mean to come back from far away in the adoption of the Master Plan.


Mr. Farmer
-       Welcomes the contribution of the members of the Planning Advisory Committee (CCU).
-       This is a job of a year and a half, with public consultations in 2016 and January 2017. So we are at the third and last stage before adoption.
-       The  residents will still have the opportunity to say their word on September 29 and the revised Plan will be adopted at the regular meeting of the Council, to be held on October 2 in this same Montfort Pavilion.
-       A referendum (later?) on global adoption (?) of the Plan and associated regulations at the municipal meeting of October 2, will take place only if 370 residents across the Municipality (including vacationers) sign the associated registry.
-       He will state that he is here to present the proposals, answer questions and note any comments, suggestions or opinions; but not to discuss about them.


Vision of development
-          CF. the summary of the urban Plan


Broad guidelines
-          Mr. Farmer gives a picture of the broad guidelines of land use planning.


Summary of amendments to zoning by-law
-          A part of the presentation and the requests for clarification will focus on the review of this summary, point by point. Résumé des modifications
-          The Director of the Planning Department will highlight the will of complete reorganization of the regulation, with as a aims, among other things, a considerable reduction of items and better adaptation to the realities of the territory.
-          A question will be on the authorization of development on the side of the Thurs(t)on Lake, while consecration in parks in most of the municipal land around the Newaygo basin of Lake St-François-Xavier will be repeatedly emphasized in the presentation .


Question period
-          There will be many questions in relation to one or the other point within the presentation.
-          Changes of the regulations relatively to cottage rentals will be object of several exchanges.
-          The example of the consultation on the development to Lac Pelletier project will be among the topics.
-          In the face of the amendment of certain articles of the regulation, the question of acquired rights sparked a few interventions.
-          Notes on the constitution of the CCU (?), which includes contractors, will also raise reactions in the room.
-          Noting that the question of the recreation development was underlying in certain sections of the Plan, the undersigned has proposed the idea of developing a special status for a waterway like Lake St-François-Xavier or more generally a sector such as Montfort/Newaygo. Such status, as in the (wrong) example of «Outfitters with exclusive rights» or the zecs in Quebec, would govern recreational activities at the Lake (quotas of boats, speed for bikes, etc.) and, therefore, their promotion to outside customers. This approach seemed preferable to the confrontation between a free promotion of these activities on the part of the regional authorities and its rejection by many local residents.
But the Director of the Planning Department, while stressing, in separate meeting, that the revision of the Plan was precisely proposing a response to this dilemma, did not see how he could develop such a status.
For his part, Mayor Genest recalled that, initially, the residents of the Montfort sector could complain about the lack of recreational resources, but that opinion seemed to be returned after the recent development of these resources. He emphasized, based on statistics for the entire region, that current equipment could, in fact, mainly be used and appreciated by the residents themselves.
-          Finally, let us mention a request made by the spokesman of the Joint task force - Montfort sector, which is given mission to keep an eye on the development and the implementation of the Urban Master plan. The request, taken up by several players, possibly in consultation, was advocating the postponement of the adoption of the revised Master Plan after the election of a new Council. The reason pointed at was to give more time to the citizens to assess the terms and conditions before taking a decision. This proposal received clear support from the assembly.
 
Note: The reader is requested to refer to official documents available now or in the future in order to get all the ins and outs of this consultation meeting; the undersigned could not note or understand the content of many interventions.

Translated with the use of Microsoft Translator

Carl Chapdelaine

The municipal urban plan   

Last chance to give your opinion!
No Referendum will be allowed at the whole Municipality level, if requested by 370 inhabitants and on the whole package only!
Talk now; don’t miss this meeting!
(September 2, 2017, Montfort Pavilion)
 
T
he Saturday of Labor Day weekend, a public consultation meeting for the whole municipality will take place all day at the Montfort Pavilion. The village was chosen because previous consultations on a draft of the Plan have attracted there the largest number of residents.
 
Such meetings of consultation should be of interest to you all. The draft revision of the master plan could help shape the evolution of your environment in the medium and longer term. Obviously, the wishes expressed by the residents who participated in the first consultations of July 2016 were retained in the changes or adjustments now proposed by the team of the Director of the Planning Department, Mr. E. Farmer. Furthermore, a quite renewed Council will soon serve at City Hall, and the master plan could well be an important issue in the current election campaign. This Council will decide the fate and the potential application of the regulation. So you have this year a double opportunity to assert your idea about the evolution of your environment and you're perhaps best placed to promote it to the future municipal authorities.
 
The meeting will take place over the morning and the afternoon. The morning will be devoted to the presentation of the Plan which will inevitably need a few technical explanations of application. You may learn a lot about the challenges of this project of important and long prepared reorientation of urban planning in Wentworth-Nord; a document and regulations undoubtedly essential to the planned administration of the Municipality. The afternoon will allow you to ask your questions, to give your opinions and to follow the debate. If the formula used on January 14 reappears, discussion groups will then be set-up and will eventually each choose a spokesperson to articulate the ideas that the group will have discussed, as well as their conclusions and recommendations if such is the case. Report on the consultation of January 14, 2017
 
Specifically, what are the challenges of this operation of urban planning? Already, have a look at the Plan summary. The development vision naturally focuses on the growth of the municipality, with residential and economic development essential for the increase of the services required. This development must however take into account the maintenance of the quality of the environment and avoid "the multiplication and the under-utilization of the infrastructure."
 
This vision is reflected in the "proposed guidelines" and differentiated according to the three sectors of the municipality. However, the avenue for the development of a 'village sector' with trade and related services added to tourist and recreational activities for example, more acceptable to residents of Laurel as to those of Montfort, do not correspond to the respective geographic accessibility of these two villages. Concretely, in the Plan, these directions must take form in the zoning assignments to be determined. They will be similarly enforced by planning regulations proposed.
 
You may already have a detailed and well done presentation of the municipality of Wentworth-Nord, with its historical aspects, its geography, its demographics, etc., by consulting the working paper of the draft revision of the plan of urban planning as indicated in paragraph 2 above. You are also invited ‘to submit your comments and questions by e-mail now to the Director of the Planning Department at: urbanisme@wentworth-nord.ca '. Well targeted responses could then be presented to you at the meeting of September 2nd.

Carl Chapdelaine

A local coordinating committee?

Such a committee, on which would sit the municipality on one side and residents or their spokespersons on the other side, could exist at Lake St. Francois-Xavier. Unthinkable once, the democratization of municipal administration is increasing in Quebec; but one imagines that it can at the same time become very binding on authorities. The process, in tiers from information to consultation and concertation, also runs between participation limited to groups of the community up to until involving the private resident. It may cover one or more areas; think of the regional planning, tourism, leisure, etc. This dialogue implies that the parties seek to agree on the issues and proposed actions. It respects the administrative authority; however, the latter should, in return, take into account the interventions from the community.
 
In fact, the Committee on Orphaned lands once seemed to be the precursor of such a dialogue table. Mr. Serge Larochelle, then Director of the Planning Department, was its Secretary, and it was chaired by Mr. André Soucy, having become Municipal Councillor of the district after having been president of the Lake association. It brought together representatives of organizations and entrepreneurs of the community while ensuring all councillors to be an ex officio member. But this committee was rather in the image of one of the current advisory municipal committees, framed by well-defined mandates and sometimes closer to municipal concerns than issues put forward by the community. However, it allowed its members from the latter to have privileged access to relevant information on the issues. An independent committee and dedicated to a cause in particular, by the example of the one on arts and culture in Wentworth-Nord, may also be a source of achievements (heritage tour, micro-libraries and soon a farmer’s market).
 
To ensure, in the future, that the launch of projects such as the Thurs(t)on Road, the Orphans’ Trail, the installation of a public dock at the foot of the Pavilion, the promotion of tourism and regional recreational leisure targeting Montfort-Newaygo by the municipality and the MRC, etc., is not at odds with the expectations of the community, would a mechanism of consultation with residents such as established on the implementation of the development master plan not be welcome?
 
The members of this table would not systematically be bounded to secrecy and residents would have, by any means, access to their deliberations. One would so assume an opened and representative participation of residents and of the existing local organizations alongside municipal officials on such table. However, the municipality would be in charge of providing it with administrative and logistical support. The Environmental Committee of the Associations of Lakes/Municipality, formerly chaired by Ms. Julie Brown and picked up by the current Director of the Department of the environment in the form of meetings held twice a year, would be close to this project. The initiative of creating a local group of monitoring of the development master plan of the municipality by its Urbanism Department is also part of a parallel approach.
 
The table could bring together all communities in the East sector of the municipality or be limited to those of Montfort. The municipality, the MRC maybe, and organizations would be ex officio members. One can imagine that, to ensure representative participation of residents, any formal or informal group formed of four or five members, as well as a delegate of the few local entrepreneurs, would be entitled to be represented at this table.  The rules of its operation would certainly require a development work and would benefit from being copied on any model already existing. Among these rules, the idea that any proposal supported by a percentage to be determined of its members be placed on the agenda of a meeting of the table seems promising to us. The date of the meetings of the table should probably be fixed as is that of municipal meetings and frequency of those meetings pre-evaluated according to availability and the number of subjects to be looked-upon.
 
If so the development master plan prepared by the municipality is subject to consultation, why not take a similar approach in other areas where the community asks to be consulted and where sometimes the missteps of the past experiences seem to justify their aspirations? All must be formulated so as not to cause paralysis in the action of the leaders that the population has elected to ensure the smooth operation of the municipality and the MRC. The proposal is therefore not to be applied without prior assessment.  
 
Would the proximity of municipal elections not be the appropriate occasion to ask prospective candidates for the positions of Prefect, Mayor and Councillors to pronounce on such a project or any similar initiative of democratization of the administration?          

Carl Chapdelaine

Quoi recycler?

Vous le faisiez déjà bien? Mais regardiez-vous bien dans le fond des bouchons de bouteille pour y relever le code approprié?

Terrains orphelins

La municipalité de Wentworth-Nord a créé le Comité des terrains orphelins dans le but de déterminer la vocation de ces lots abandonnés par leurs propriétaires et qu'elle a récupérés grâce à la loi 212. Le comité est un organisme consultatif. M. André Soucy, qui représentait l'association sur ce comité, y siège maintenant plutôt en tant que conseiller du district et il en est le président.
Au lac Saint-François-Xavier, les «terrains orphelins» qui font ici l'objet de l'attention du comité, sont situés principalement autour de la partie ouest de la section Newaygo du lac, non accessible par route.
Parmi les objectifs sur lesquels se penche le comité, il y a :
-Permettre, s'il y a lieu et si possible, de faire correspondre la superficie des terrains bâtis à «l'espace viable» requis selon les normes d'aujourd'hui.
-Donner un accès par voie terrestre à chacune de ces mêmes propriétés; mais sans que ce dernier ne débouche sur le corridor aérobique. Construction de voies d'accès donc; mais pas nécessairement sur l'emplacement des rues projetées sur l'ancien cadastre.
-Conserver la majeure partie des terrains, non utilisés pour les deux objectifs précédents, en espaces verts.
La disponibilité nouvelle des terrains orphelins serait une occasion unique de procéder au désenclavement des propriétés. Elle pourrait permettre aux résidents de rendre leurs installations d'évacuation des eaux usées conformes à la réglementation. Ces derniers se verraient aussi assurés de l'accès aux services publics et privés dont jouissent déjà les autres résidents.

Face au projet de voies d'accès ou autre, l'ALSFX a-t-elle déjà fait son choix? Elle peut en tout cas rappeler sa mission de voir à la protection du lac Saint-François-Xavier. Mais quelle est l'évaluation du bilan global de ces projets en rapport avec leurs objectifs?

La construction de voies d'accès, de bretelles individuelles de raccordement et d'autant d'aires de stationnement pourrait causer un accroissement ponctuel de la sédimentation destinée au lac ainsi que des effets permanents dans le même sens. La MRC des Pays-d'en-Haut rappelle que la mauvaise gestion de l'érosion causée par ce type de réalisations est l'une des principales causes de l'eutrophisation des lacs au Québec.
Carl Chapdelaine